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Full text of "Christian statesmanship"

LiVI NGSTON JOHNSON 




266.6 
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COMPLIMENTS OF 
Baptist Book Department 

Board of Missions 

Baptist State Convention 

R. L. Middleton, Manager 

Raleigh, N. C. 



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North Carolina State Library 
Raleigh 



CHRISTIA 
STATESMANS 



BY 

LIVINGSTON JOHNSON 
I • , 

CORRESPONDING SECRETARY BAPTIST 

STATE CONVENTION 

OF NORTH CAKOLINA 



SECOND EDITION 



PRICE 25 CENTS POSTPAID 



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I RALEIGH 

Edwaeds & Bkoughton Printing Oompant 
1915 



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To 

My Beloved Wife, Whose Unwavering Faith, 

Earnest Prayers, and Unselfish Devotion 

Have Strenglhened Me in 

Many a Darli Hour, 

and to 

My Friends and Fellow Workers 

The Faithful Missionaries of the State Board 

This Little Book 

Is Affectionately Dedicated 



5683 V 



FOREWORD 

JSTo book has ever been written on our State 
Mission work in ISTorth Carolina. All tbe liter- 
ature on tbe subject is contained in the annual 
reports of the Board to the Convention, and in 
tracts and newspaper articles. 

The need of a more comprehensive treatment 
of State Missions than could be given in tracts 
and newspaper articles^ has been felt for many 
years. In 1911 the Board authorized me to pre- 
pare and publish a book on J^orth Carolina State 
Missions, if I deemed it wise, and could find time 
to do so. As I feared it would be a heavy financial 
burden on the Board, I did not do the work. 

Our Baptist Schools are arranging to introduce 
a Mission Study Course, and they have wisely de- 
cided that no such course would be complete that 
did not include State Missions. For several 
years the Woman's Missionary Societies have 
been anxious for something they could use in their 
meetings, that would give them a more intelligent 
idea of State Mission work. The B. Y. P. U. has 
Missions as part of its study course. 

I was requested by the Executive Committee of 
the State Board of Missions in the year 1914 to 
write a small book, containing nine chapters, to be 
used by the Schools, Missionary Societies, Baptist 
Young People's Unions, and for general reading. 
The Executive Committee, in authorizing this 



viii Foreword 

work, acted upon the instruction of tlie Board 
three years earlier, which action had not been an- 
nulled. 

When I began the task, the material was so 
abundant, that the difficulty by which I was con- 
fronted, was not to find something to put in the 
book, but to decide what to leave out. To have 
given some account of the work of those who have 
gone before, and into whose labors we of the 
present day have entered, would have been, I 
think, both interesting and profitable to the read- 
ers, and the temptation to enter this inviting 
field, was great ; but that would have made neces- 
sary a book too large for the present purpose. 

I wish to acknowledge valuable aid received 
from Mr. Padelford's excellent book, "The Com- 
monwealths and the Kingdom,'' which treats of 
mission work in the l^Torthern States. I am also in- 
debted to the Manufacturers' Record for impor- 
tant facts and figures concerning the industrial 
and agricultural progress of the State. Dr. J. D. 
Hufham, in the North Carolina Historical Papers, 
furnishes important data in regard to our pre- 
Convention history. 

As to literary style no pretensions are made. 
The work has been done in a fragmentary and 
unsatisfactory way, at odd moments, snatched 
from hours crowded with regular daily duties. 
The only chapter that was written without inter- 
ruption, was written on a train. I have tried 
to tell in a plain, straight-forward, simple way, 
a brief story of our State Mission work. It 



Foreword ix 

is the story, and not tlie style in which it is told, 
about which I am chiefly concerned. The reader 
is requested to give especial attention to chapters 
three, six and seven. Read the whole hook if pos- 
sible, but if you think you have not the time for 
that, read with great care, the three chapters 
mentioned. 

This little book is sent forth with the earnest 
prayer that it may awaken in the hearts of all 
who read it a deeper interest in State Missions — 
that department of our work which has done so 
much for I^orth Carolina, the State in which the 
author was born, and which he loves as he does no 
other part of the green earth. 

Livingston Johnson. 
Raleigh, K C. 



CONTENTS 



Chapter I — Beginning of Things 11 

Chapter II — Organized Work 26 

Chapter III — Marks Along the Way 39 

Chapter IV — Our Country Church Problem 54 

Chapter V — The Town Church Problem 67 

Chapter VI : — Some Results of State Mission 

Work 79 

Chapter VII —The Task Before Us 94 

Chapter VIII — Our Mission Wheel 109 

Chapter IX, — Appeal to Patriotism 122 



CHAPTER I. 
BECTNMNG OF THINGS 

JSTear the beginning of tlie last century there 
was a great awakening on the subject of Missions, 
in England and America. 

The Awakening in England. 

William Carey, the "Consecrated Cobbler," 
studied the map of the world, while working at 
his humble trade. The condition of the heathen 
nations bore heavily upon his heart. The more 
he studied his map, the more deeply interested 
he became, until at last the overwhelming convic- 
tion possessed him that he must go as a messen- 
ger of life and light to the benighted people of 
India. He began to preach missions to the Bap- 
tists of England. Eor awhile they turned a deaf 
ear to his burning messages, but at last some 
interest was awakened in a few earnest, sympa- 
thetic hearts, which resulted in the organization 
of a missionary society. Thirteen members were 
enrolled at the organization of the Society, and 
these subscribed one pound each ($5.00) making 
a total of $65.00, for the support of Carey. Simi- 
lar societies were organized in different parts of 
England. 

The Fires Reach America. 

ISTews of the Missionary awakening and the 
formation of Missionary Societies, came across 
the Atlantic. The story of Carey's trials stirred 



12 Christian Statesmanship 

a few devout souls on this side of tlie water, and 
they desired to have part in the great work to 
which he had consecrated his life. Consequently 
Missionary Societies were formed at a few places 
in this country. 

A great revival of religion swept over the coun- 
try at the close of the 18th century. In the midst 
of this revival, news came of the organization of 
the first Missionary Society in England, and Wil- 
liam Carey's going out as a missionary to India. 
Letters from Carey were read with great inter- 
est, and the first society in America was organized 
in Boston on May 26, 1802. This missionary en- 
terprise in America was bom in a great revival. 
It has ever been true that missionary fervor in a 
church is accompanied by spiritual life and 
power. 

It was soon apparent, however, that to accom- 
plish anything worth while in Foreign Mission 
work, there must be an adequate base of supplies. 
The very fact that the Baptists of this country 
were called upon to aid in the Foreign Mission 
enterprise, revealed the great destitution that ex- 
isted in our own country, and the need of mission 
work here at home. Baptists were few in num- 
ber. There were vast sections of unoccupied ter- 
ritory. It was evident that our own country must 
be evangelized before we could hope to make much 
headway in the evangelization of the regions be- 
yond. And so this first Missionary Society sent 
out missionaries to all parts of the United States 
and Canada. 



Beginning of Things 13 

There were a few who felt the responsibility of 
giving the gospel to lost men at home and abroad. 
The spasmodic efforts on the part of some of the 
churches and associations, did not meet the con- 
victions of these men, nor the demands of the rap- 
idly expanding nation. They saw that some or- 
ganized effort must be made to reach the multi- 
tudes who were scattering over the sparsely set- 
tled country. Some of the members of the Bos- 
ton churches felt that the time for aggressive 
action was at hand. They sent out a circular 
letter to the churches in Massachusetts and Rhode 
Island, proposing to form a general Missionary 
Society which should cover several States. This 
agitation caused missionary interest to spread 
from State to State, and State Missionary Socie- 
ties were organized. 

In 1799 the Bowdoin Association of Maine was 
known as the "Gospel Mission." This became 
the Maine Baptist Missionary Society in 1804. 

In 1807 representatives from the churches in 
the two central associations of JSTew York organ- 
ized the Lake Baptist Missionary Society. It 
was so named because they intended to direct 
their missionary efforts to the "Lake Country." 
Societies followed in Connecticut, 'New Hamp- 
shire, l^ew Jersey and Pennsylvania. These 
Societies were afterward changed into State Con- 
ventions. In nearly every State where Baptist 
forces were organized, a missionary society pre- 
ceded a State Convention. The Baptist State 
Convention of New York was formed in 1821. 



14 Christian Statesmanship 

This was the first Baptist State Convention to be 
organized. From then until 1847 conventions 
were formed in the ISTorth and West. 

In I^orth Carolina. 

Mention has been made of missionary beginnings 
in the ^orth^ to show that this movement was 
simultaneous throughout the country, and that the 
methods of development were much the same. 
When we remember that Baptists have no gen- 
eral legislative bodies, and no uniform rules, 
which are binding upon the local churches, each 
local church being independent of every other 
local church, and managing its own affairs, it is 
remarkable that there was such uniformity in 
their methods of work. In all probability mis- 
sionaries, going from one state to another, intro- 
duced the methods that were in operation in th^ 
states sending them out. 

In ISTorth Carolina the beginning of things was 
very much as it was in Maine, and was almost 
contemporaneous with that of Maine. In the 
North Carolina Historical Papers, Dr. Hufham 
says that under the leadership of Martin Ross, and 
others like-minded with him, the Kehukee Asso- 
ciation organized a Missionary Society at Wind- 
sor, in Bertie County, in 1805. 

Work of Individuals. 

Prior to this time mission work was done in dif- 
ferent sections of the State by individuals whose 
hearts were moved by the destitution surround- 



Beginning of Things 15 

ing tliein and who, at their own charges, largely, 
went from community to community, preaching 
the Gospel. Shubal Stearns, Daniel Marshall, 
William Sojourner, Paul Palmer, and others, are 
names that hold a deservedly conspicuous place 
in J^orth Carolina Baptist history. There is one 
whose name is not so well known, and yet he did 
a work down in the southeastern section of the 
State, which will last as long as time endures. 
This man was a young Scotchman, by the name 
of 

Dai^iel White. 

He was reared under Presbyterian influence. 
When quite a young man, while listening to a ser- 
mon by a Baptist preacher, he was convicted of 
sin, and before the visiting preacher left the com- 
munity, was led to Christ. Upon taking his 
leave the minister advised young White to read 
his ISTew Testament carefully and prayerfully, 
and follow its teachings. White took this advice 
and was convinced that a Baptist church was 
the place for him. There was no Baptist church 
in his section of the country, but this conscien- 
tious young Scotchman could not join a church 
of another faith, and in company with some 
young men who had studied the I^ew Testament 
with him, he walked a hundred miles to receive 
baptism according to the teachings of the 'New 
Testament. 

The young man was called to preach the Gos- 
pel. He married a Miss Katherine Campbell, 



16 Christian Statesmanship 

whose father belonged to the celebrated Camp- 
bell Clan. Miss Campbell was a young woman of 
culture. Her father had a considerable amount 
of property. The young preacher knew that a 
good many had gone from his country to Amer- 
ica and he felt impressed to cross the ocean (a 
great undertaking in that day) and preach to his 
countrymen the truth, as he held it. His wife, 
at first, objected, but finally was providentially 
led to see that it was her duty to yield to the 
wishes of her husband.- Turning their backs 
upon "Bonnie Scotland," never to see it any 
more, they set sail for America, and, after a 
stormy voyage, reached Wilmington, !N"orth Caro- 
lina in 1807. 

Mr. White first located at Society Hill, South 
Carolina, where he was greatly beloved by his 
people. He was not satisfied, however, as he felt 
that his mission was to his countrymen who had 
come to America. Learning that there was a 
colony of Scotch people in Richmond (now Scot- 
I'and) County in ISTorth Carolina, he resigned the 
pastorate of the Society Hill Church, much to 
the regret of his people, and came over into Eich- 
mond County. Land was very cheap, and with 
some money given his wife by her father they 
bought a farm, and built a modest home. 

Mrs. White looked after the farm and reared 
the children, while her consecrated husband, a 
self-appointed, and self-supported missionary, 
went from Richmond, through Robeson, Bladen, 
Sampson, Duplin and 'New Hanover Counties, 



North Carolina State Library 
Raleigh 

Beginning of Thvngs 17 

preacliing tlae Gospel and organizing churches. 
He had no Convention behind him, for there was 
no Convention; he was not a missionary of the 
Board, for there was no Board. He went out 
alone, trusting in God, and sowing the seeds of 
Gospel truth. On one of these missionary tours, 
down in Pender County, he was taken sick sud- 
denly, and died after a brief illness, at the home 
of a Mr. Colville, a member of a Presbyterian 
church, and was buried in the Colville graveyard 
near the town of Atkinson. As the only means 
of communication was a weekly mail, his good 
wife did not hear of his death until after his 
burial. She had a neat little slab made, and, in 
company with a relative, she rode through the 
country and put this simple stone at the head of 
his lonely grave. 

Such were the sacrifices of this pioneer in State 
Mission work, and others who wrought in other 
parts of the State. They labored, and we have 
entered into their labors. Prom the seed which 
they sowed in tears, we today, are reaping a rich 
harvest. The work of these individuals prepared 
the way for the formation of missionary societies. 

At the session of the Chowan Association, 
which was held at Sandy Run Church, May 5, 
1809, Martin Ross introduced a resolution look- 
ing to the formation of "a meeting for general 
correspondence," to be composed of the Chowan 
and neighboring associations. The meeting was 
to have for its purpose "the dissemination and 
acquisition of information upon religious topics." 



18 Christian Statesmanship 

A committee, of which Martin Eoss was chair- 
man, was appointed to take the matter under ad- 
visement, and report at the next meeting. 

When the resolution was called for at the next 
session of the Association, the committee, to which 
Elder Dossey had been added, submitted the fol- 
lowing : "Your committee beg leave to report a 
disagreement to the partial and contracted plan 
first under consideration ; and would warmly rec- 
ommend that the meeting be so formed and con- 
stituted, as to admit freely, and upon equal 
grounds all the Baptist Associations in this State 
similar, perhaps, to that formed, and now form- 
ing, by the numerous Baptist Associations in the 
State of Yirginia." This report was unanimously 
adopted, and in 1811, at the Falls of Tar River, 
near Rocky Mount, the General Meeting of Cor- 
respondence was organized. ^ 

Two years later, news came to this country 
that Judson and Rice, two Congregational Mis- 
sionaries, had been converted to the Baptist 
views and had been baptized. As they had 
changed their demoninational relations they were 
left, of course, without means of support. This 
greatly stimulated interest in missions among the 
societies in America. Luther Rice returned to 
this country and visited many States in the inter- 
est of Foreign Missions. He spoke at several 
churches in l^orth Carolina. The Triennial Con- 
vention, which embraced all the States ISTorth and 
South, was organized in 1814. At the first ses- 
sion of this Convention, which was held in 1817, 



Beginning of Things 19 

North Carolina led all the States except Massa- 
chusetts, in its contributions to Foreign Missions. 

Beginning of Trouble. 

Things ran along smoothly until 1821. Before 
this there had been no agents receiving salaries, 
but at that time at a meeting of the J^orth Caro- 
lina Baptist Missionary Society, which took the 
place of the Meeting of General Correspondence, 
there was a change of policy. Kobert T. Daniel 
was appointed agent at a salary of $40.00 per 
month, and others received $30.00 per month. 
Their work was to organize local Missionary So- 
cieties, which were to cooperate with the General 
Missionary Society of the State. Many believed 
that this multiplication of societies was unscrip- 
tural, and that it interfered with the local church, 
any encroachment upon whose authority Baptists 
have always strongly resisted. There was also ob- 
jection made to the payment of salaries, as, to 
the minds of many, it indicated a mercenary 
spirit. 

These troubles were not confined to ISTorth 
Carolina, but seem to have prevailed throughout 
the entire country, ISTorth and South, In his very 
informing little book, "The Commonwealths and 
the Kingdom," Mr. Padelford says that the 
churches strongly suspected that these State So- 
cieties, or Conventions, would seek to usurp the 
authority of the local churches, and for that rea- 
son it was very hard to secure their cooperation. 
This clause was found in many of the constitu- 



20 Christian Statesmanship 

tions of the JSTorthern Conventions: "This Con- 
vention shall never possess a single attribute of 
power or authority over any church or associa- 
tion whatever.'' "This declaration/' says Mr. 
Padelford, "very clearly reflects the jealousy with 
which the fathers guarded the independence of 
the local church. When State Conventions were 
first proposed, there was fear in many quarters 
that the new organization might jeopardize that 
independence. When the 'New York Convention 
was organized in 182 1, only five of the seventeen 
associations sent their accredited delegates to 
take part." 

It will be remembered that this was the very 
year (1821) that the anti-organization sentiment 
began to manifest itself in IN^orth Carolina. In 
1829 the ISTew Jersey Convention was organized. 
Of the fifty-five churches in the State only twenty- 
six could be depended on for any real coopera- 
tion. 

N^ow let us come back to ISTorth Carolina : The 
leader of those who opposed the organized work 
was Joshua Lawrence, a man of considerable 
ability and influence, while the organization 
forces were led by Martin Eoss. J'or three 
years the controversy raged, and sometimes it 
was quite bitter. The very name "Missionary 
Society" aroused, to white heat, the prejudice of 
those who were opposed to the organized work. 
The ]N'orthern States, beginning with ISTew York 
in 1821, were, one after another, changing their 
Missionary Societies into State Conventions. 



Beginning of Things 21 

Ross had such a change in mind, for at the ses- 
sion of the Chowan Association in 1826, by mo- 
tion of Martin Ross, a committee consisting of 
Ross, Meredith, E^ewborn, Jordan and Hall, was 
appointed "to correspond with the associations of 
the State, with a view to forming a State Conven- 
tion, and report at the next meeting." 

Soon after the meeting of the Association Mar- 
tin Ross died. At the session of 1827 the com- 
mittee reported that nothing had been done, and 
on motion, they were discharged. It was not 
long, however, before the dream of Martin Ross 
was realized. In 1830, in the town of Greenville, 
the Baptist State Convention was born. That 
epoch-making event will be considered in the next 
chapter. 

The Division. 

Those who opposed the organized work were 
in the majority. Dr. Hufham says, "There could 
no longer be any doubt as to the meaning and 
intent of a majority of the body. It had sepa- 
rated itself from the great body of the denomi- 
nation in the State, and set itself to drive from 
its fold all those who believed in laboring and 
giving for the ^furtherance of the Gospel.' Of 
course, thus isolated from the movements and 
tendencies of the age, there could be no expan- 
sion from within, no increase from without. Af- 
ter eighty years the body is scarcely stronger 
numerically, and is certainly weaker in all the 
elements of intellectual and spiritual life." This 



22 Christian Statesmanship 

denomination is known variously as "Primitive/' 
"Anti-Missionary" and "Hardshell" Baptists. 

The Missionary Baptists, on the other hand, 
have grown from fifteen thousand, when the divi- 
sion took place, to over four hundred thousand. 
The blessings of the Lord have been abundantly 
bestowed upon those who sought to spread his 
name over the earth. Their growth has been 
phenomenal, their number has doubled every 
twenty years. 

Relation of This General History to State 

Missions. 

This little book is not to be a history, except 
as some of the results of State Mission work, 
which shall be given, may be considered history ; 
but the author deemed it worth while to devote 
this first chapter to a general survey of condi- 
tions throughout the country just before the Bap- 
tists began to organize for work. It is necessary 
to get this setting to be prepared to see order 
coming out of chaos. We find a great nebulous 
mass assuming definite shape; a multitude of raw 
recruits forming themselves into a militant army. 

The history reveals the fact that the same diffi- 
culties confronted the Baptists in the different 
sections of the country, and that they worked 
along the same lines in solving their problems. 
This created a strong bond of brotherhood be- 
tween the Baptists of the whole country. 

Another thing we see, too, is the guiding hand 
of God. Tidings of "William Carey's departure 



Beginning of Things 23 

for India, as a missionary, awakened an inter- 
est in Foreign Missions among the Baptists of 
America; and that interest was deepened by the 
stories of his sacrifices and sufferings. Then 
suddenly and unexpectedly God threw upon 
American Baptists the support of Judson and 
Rice. Something must be done, and that speed- 
ily, to provide for these men whose support, in 
the providence of God, had been transferred 
from the Congregationalists to the Baptists of 
America. An attempt was made to organize 
Missionary Societies, but the unwillingness on 
the part of a large majority of the churches to 
cooperate, revealed to the leaders in this impor- 
tant movement, the necessity for doing mission 
work among the churches at home. And so we 
have the beginning of State Mission work. God 
was leading on. From the little local Missionary 
Society came the State Society, and out of that 
grew the Baptist State Convention. The fathers 
started out to do the Lord's work like Abraham, 
not knowing whither they were going; but they 
looked to God to lead them and they were not 
disappointed. We have but to read this story 
to be convinced of that fact. 

Those who made this glorious history were 
of heroic mold. The eyes of him are holden, 
who fails to see that they were men of dauntless 
courage, unwavering faith, sacrificing spirit, and 
filled with that ^Visdom that cometh down from 
above." If we get these stirring events firmly 
fixed in our minds, we can better understand the 



24 Christian Statesmanship 

spirit of tlie fourteen brave souls who met in 
Greenville in 1830, and organized the Conven- 
tion. 

Growing out of such conditions as we have 
considered, came the I^orth Carolina Baptist 
State Convention, and in such an atmosphere the 
organized work of State Missions was begun. 

Suggested Questions 

1. When did the mission awakening occur? 

2. What was the immediate cause of this 
awakening ? 

3. Where did it begin? 

4. What kind of organizations were effected 
for the support of Foreign Missionaries? 

5. Did the interest in Missions reach as far 
as America? 

6. When and where was the first Missionary 
Society in America formed? 

T. What Missionaries went out from America 
not long after Carey went from England? 

8. To what denomination did they belong? 

9. How did they become Baptists? 

10. What has all this to do with State Mis- 
sions ! 

11. What organizations supplanted the Mis- 
sionary Societies in the several states in this 
country ? 

12. In what State and on what date was the 
first State Convention organized? 



Beginning of Things 25 

13. Was there any State Mission work done in 
l^ortli Carolina before tlie organization of the 
Convention ? 

14. By whom and how was it done ? 

15. Tell something of the conversion and work 
of Daniel White. 

16. Who first suggested the formation of a 
State Convention in ITorth Carolina? 

17. When did trouble begin among the Bap- 
tists of this State? 

18. About what was there division of senti- 
ment? 

19. Was this confined to J^orth Carolina? 

20. Who was the leader of the organization 
forces ? 

21. Who led those who opposed organization? 



CIIAPTEE II. 
ORGAMZED WORK 

The Baptist State Convention was organized 
in tlie town of Greenville, March 26, 1830. 

The two primary objects the brethren had in 
mind in the organization of the Convention, 
were the evangelization of our State, and the 
education of our young preachers. The fact that 
our people were called on to aid in the support of 
Foreign Missions caused them to examine into the 
base of supplies. This examination revealed to 
them the necessity of strengthening the churches 
that were in existence, and of planting new 
churches where they were needed; this, of course, 
was State Mission work. They saw, at the very 
outset, that not much headway could be made in 
the way of developing the churches without an 
educated ministry, hence their interest in Minis- 
terial Education. 

Meredith's Great Letter. 

Thomas Meredith was instructed to write a 
circular letter to be published in the minutes. 
The letter covers over fifteen pages of fine print. 
It is a great denominational document, written 
by a Christian statesman, and, as a literary pro- 
duction, it is doubtful if it has been equaled by 
any paper presented to the Convention since. 

The letter sets forth the proposed work of the 
Convention, and appeals to the associations and 



Organized Work 27 

churches to ally themselves with the Convention, 
and cooperate in carrying out its purposes. Ob- 
jections likely to be urged against the mission- 
ary and educational program of the Convention 
are ansv^ered. To those v^ho should decide to 
cooperate with the Convention, a warm, Chris- 
tian welcome is assured; but heavenly defiance 
is hurled at any who should determine to stand 
in the way and seek to obstruct the Convention 
in its forward movement. Here is a paragraph 
addressed to those who opposed the organized 
work: 

"And we would first speak to those who op- 
pose our measures. Brethren, you who are averse 
to State Conventions, and to Missions, and to 
Educational Societies, and who have carried your 
hostility so far as even to threaten with excom- 
munication, those of your church members who 
dare to think and act differently from yourselves 
in these matters, we wish it distinctly understood 
that we have no quarrel with you of any kind. 
We neither dislike nor envy you, nor do we de- 
spise you, nor yet do we fear you; we regard 
you as Christians, as Baptists, and as Brethren, 
but we consider you sadly mistaken, and we sin- 
cerely regret the loss of your services in the im- 
portant and interesting work before us. When 
we earnestly plead our arguments in favor of 
what we do, and patiently consider the objec- 
tions which you urge against us, we do this, not 
for the purpose of justifying ourselves, nor yet 
for the purpose of justifying the cause which we 



28 Christian Statesmanship 

advocate, but for the sole purpose of correcting 
your mistake, of reclaiming you from error, and 
of enlisting your services in the cause of the 
Redeemer in general, and in that of the denomina- 
tion in particular. And we desire you further to 
understand, that we shall go on with our under- 
taking, whether you aid us or oppose us. You 
may misrepresent our intentions, if you choose, 
you may impugn our reputations, and you may 
conflict with our movements; but you cannot in- 
jure us, nor can you prevent the accomplishment 
of our plans. The improvement of the Ministry, 
and of the churches of the Baptist denomination 
in J^orth Carolina will be effected, and by the 
means proposed, either sooner or later." 

It must not be forgotten that there was a very 
sharp division just before the organization of 
the Convention, between those who favored and 
those who opposed, the organized work. We 
would class them to-day as "progressives" and 
"reactionaries." The discussion was very ear- 
nest, and, sometimes, bitter. This must be kept in 
mind, in order to understand the occasion for the 
strong, courageous expressions in the above para- 
graph. 

The First Machinery. 

Eighteen brethren were named as a Board of 
Directors. These were to have charge of the mis- 
sion work which the convention decided upon, at 
once. 

Rev. Samuel Wait was elected as the first Gen- 
eral Agent. He was paid a small salary. His 



Organized Work 29 

duties were similar to those now performed by the 
Corresponding Secretary. Indeed, after several 
years, the name of the office was changed from 
General Agent to Corresponding Secretary. 

At the second session of the Convention the 
Board of Directors was changed to the Board of 
Managers, under which name it continued for 
several years, but was later changed to the State 
Board of Missions. This Board had under its 
care ministerial education, until the Board of 
Education was created. When our denomination 
began to do some Sunday School work in the 
State, the name of the Board was changed to 
the State Board of Missions and Sunday Schools, 
under which name it still operates. 

State Missions was at first called Home Mis- 
sions. Indeed, it was so designated for more than 
twenty-five years. In 1845 the Southern Baptist 
Convention was organized, and the Home Mis- 
sion Board was appointed. The work of this 
Board was called Domestic Missions at first, but 
later was changed to Home Missions. In order to 
avoid confusion, the Convention changed the name 
of our work to State Missions. The change of 
name occurred many years ago, and still there are 
some who think that Home Missions means mis- 
sion work in our own State. The most serious 
trouble produced by the confusion of names, is in 
regard to our history. We should always keep in 
mind the fact that there was no Home Mission 
Board prior to 1845, and that all "Home Mission" 



30 Christian Statesmanship 

work done in the State before that date was really 
State Mission work. 

Present Organization. 

The State Board of Missions and Sunday 
Schools, as at present organized, consists of eighty 
members from the State at large and one repre- 
sentative from each association. To the Board 
is committed the important work of making ap- 
propriations to the several mission fields. The 
Board holds its meeting to make the annual ap- 
propriations, as soon as possible after the meet- 
ing of the Convention, in order that the fields 
applying for aid may know what to depend 
upon. A printed form of application is sent, 
by the Corresponding Secretary, to any church, 
or mission point which makes request for it. 
These blanks must be filled out as accurately as 
possible, passed upon by the church, and ap- 
proved by the Executive Committee of the asso- 
ciation in which the point asking aid is located. 
A solemn responsibility rests upon the Associa- 
tional Executive Committees, for the Board must 
be guided, in large measure, by the advice of 
these committees, in deciding as to the merits of 
the applications. 

The Board must use its best judgment in mak- 
ing appropriations, as the total amount asked for 
is always in excess of the amount to be appropri- 
ated. Sometimes mistakes are made, of course, 
for the Board is not infallible ; but they are pains- 



Organized Work SI 

taking and conscientious in their work, and do the 
very best they can, with the lights before them. 

Departmental Wokk. 

The Board appoints an Executive Committee 
consisting of seven. This Committee holds 
regular meetings at the close of each quarter, 
and on special occasions at the call of the chair- 
man. At each regular meeting they review the 
work of the quarter, noting anything of special 
interest contained in the reports of the mission- 
aries. In cases of emergency, they are given, 
by the Board, power to act for the Board. To 
them is committed the appropriation of the 
Church Building Fund, of which mention will 
be made in a subsequent chapter. The Corre- 
sponding Secretary has no authority to draw 
vouchers for the payment of any funds, except 
by order of the Board or the Executive Com- 
mittee. Should any complication arise on any 
mission field during the year, the chairman, at 
the request of the Corresponding Secretary, calls 
the Executive Committee to act as an advisory 
council. 

There is also a Sunday School Committee, and 
a Baptist Young People's Union Committee, both 
appointed by the Board, to promote the interests 
of these two departments. They sustain the same 
relation to their respective departments that the 
Executive Committee does to the general work of 
the Board, except as to financial matters, all of 



32 Christian Statesmanship 

which, between the regular meetings of the Board, 
are entrusted to the Executive Committee. 

Officeks and Employees of the Board. 

The officers of the Board are President and 
Recording Secretary. The Board elects the as- 
sistant to the Corresponding Secretary, Sunday 
School Secretary, B. Y. P. U. Secretary, and 
Enlistment Field Worker. The two last-named 
were added to the force of workers in 1912. The 
Corresponding Secretary, and the Treasurer are 
'elected by the Convention and not by the Board. 
The Treasurer handles all moneys given for the 
regular benevolences of the Convention, except 
contributions made to the Orphanage. That, like 
our educational institutions, has a treasurer of its 
own. 

The Corresponding Secretary of the Conven- 
tion is charged with the administrative work of 
the Board. He sends out commissions to the mis- 
sionaries, receives and records their reports quar- 
terly, is required to have general supervision of 
the mission work, collects money for all our mis- 
sion interests, and pays the missionaries by vouch- 
ers drawn on the Treasurer. At the close of the 
year the auditor goes carefully over all these 
vouchers, and compares them with the returned 
checks in the hands of the Treasurer, and the re- 
ceipts as acknowledged in the Biblical Recorder 
each week. 

The Corresponding Secretary does field work 
also. He visits the associations durinc, the asso- 



Organized Work 33 

ciational period, and at other seasons visits churcli- 
es, attends mission institutes, and does as mucli 
field work as possible in addition to his office 
duties. 

The work of those who are appointed by the 
Board is not administrative, but missionary. The 
assistant to the Secretary gives his time almost 
exclusively to the western part of the State. He is 
out on the field practically all the time, holding 
institutes and presenting the mission objects, as 
well as the interests of all our denominational 
institutions. He is a general missionary, whose 
field covers nearly half the State. 

The Sunday School Secretary is a Sunday 
School missionary. Our Sunday School work 
has been lifted to a position of dignity and im- 
portance, chiefly through the efforts of the Sunday 
School Secretary. He holds Sunday School insti- 
tutes, in which methods of organizing and conduct- 
ing Sunday Schools are discussed. He conducts 
schools for teacher training, in which he is as- 
sisted by other field workers from the Sunday 
School Board of the Southern Baptist Conven- 
tion, whose .services are given without cost to 
our Board. The Sunday School Secretary keeps 
in touch with all the Sunday Schools in the State. 
He gathers statistics, which are very valuable. 
Through his efforts new schools are organized 
every year, and many of those already in exist- 
ence are made more efficient. 

The Baptist Young People's Union Secretary 



34 Christian Statesmanship 

is doing an important mission work, that of train- 
ing our young people for service. The B. Y. P. 
U., as its name indicates, is a denominational 
movement. As the Unions are now conducted, the 
members meet for work. They have prescribed 
courses of study, embracing doctrines and mis- 
sions. In this day of lax doctrinal views, it is 
necessary that our young people be made intelli- 
gent as to doctrine. If we could have a B. Y. P. 
Uo in every church, meeting weekly, to study 
the doctrines of grace, our peculiar principles, 
missions and methods of work, the influence upon 
the future of our denominational life, no man 
could measure. To organize Baptist Young Peo- 
ple's Unions, and to foster and train those already 
organized, is the work of the B. Y. P. U. Secre- 
tary. He is a missionary to whom is committed 
this important department of the Board's work. 

The Enlistment Field Worher is a missionary. 
He visits churches, upon invitation, and aids in the 
formation of fields. He endeavors to introduce 
some good financial system in the churches he 
visits, and leads them in making a canvass of the 
membership, for the purpose of securing, if pos- 
sible, a pledge from every member, for missions 
and pastoral support, the same to be paid in 
weekly or monthly installments. When we re- 
member that there are over three hundred 
churches in the State which do not give a cent 
to missions of any kind, and that not quite one- 
third of our people are enlisted in the work of 



Organized Worh 35 

tlie Kingdom, we can see the great need of the 
work of enlistment, which is being done in co- 
operation with the Home Mission Board, the 
two Boards sharing equally the expense of this 
work. 

In the great Commission, the Lord commands 
his people to make disciples, baptize them and 
teach, or train, them; and the last is as much a 
divine command as the others. The State Board 
of Missions has put the emphasis upon the first 
part of the Commission, but, until very recently, 
has neglected, almost entirely, the work of train- 
ing. We are now undertaking to make amends, 
somewhat, for this neglect, by having mission- 
aries for the several departments of training men- 
tioned above. Those who doubt that this is mis- 
sion work, should study the great Commission, 
and see that training is an important part of the 
Lord's last command. 

Expense of Administratiois'. 

It is entirely proper for those who take stock 
in any enterprise to know how much is absorbed 
by expense. If the management of any business 
is believed to be extravagant, it is the duty of 
those having stock to demand an investigation, 
and require, from those in charge of affairs, a 
full statement. It is even more obligatory upon 
those who give to the Lord's cause to see that 
the funds they contribute are faithfully and wisely 
handled. 



36 Christian Statesmanship 

In the year 1913 tlie Baptists of J^orth Caro- 
lina contributed to State Missions, $50,421.68. 
The amount charged up to State Missions for 
expense was $3,738.69, which is 7.4 per cent. For 
Home and Foreign Missions combined we re- 
ceived $89,027.50. The expense borne by these 
two was $3,590.49, or 4.1 per cent of the total 
amount contributed to these two objects. A little 
calculation will show that 5.6 per cent covers 
all expense. The budget of expense includes 
salaries and traveling expenses of the Corre- 
sponding Secretary of the Convention, and Corre- 
sponding Secretary of the woman's work ; salaries 
of the Treasurer, Recording Secretaries, audi- 
tors and stenographers; office rent, postage and 
printing. The salaries of Recording Secretaries 
and Auditor, and the printing and distribution of 
the minutes do not belong to the work of admin- 
istration, and should not, therefore, be counted as 
administrative expense. If these items were de- 
ducted it would bring the expense of actual ad- 
ministration down to 4.7 per cent. That is, of 
every dollar that passes through the Treasurer's 
hands, only 4.7 cents is used for expense of ad- 
ministration, leaving 95.3 cents to go to missions. 

Half the expense is borne by State Missions, 
and the other half is divided proportionately be- 
tween Home and Foreign Missions. Ours is a 
State Board of Missions, not a State Mission 
Board, and the interests of Home and Foreign 
Missions are fostered as well as those of State 



Organized Work 37 

Missions. It is but just, therefore, tliat Home 
and Foreign Missions bear part of the expense. 
The Sunday School department, being self-sustain- 
ing, is not included in the above. 

The Board submits a full report of the year's 
work to each session of the Convention. The 
Treasurer's report gives a complete statement of 
all moneys received and expended, and for what 
the expenditures have been made. These reports 
contain important information for the session 
of the Convention to which they are submitted, 
and will be very valuable, as history, in the com- 
ing years. 

Suggested Questions 

1. When and where was the Baptist State Con- 
vention organized? 

2. What two purposes did the brethren have 
in mind in organizing the Convention? 

3. What did the examination into the ^^base of 
supplies" reveal? 

4. Who wrote a circular letter to the Baptists 
of the State ? 

5. At the first session of the Convention what 
machinery was installed ? 

6. What was State Missions first called ? 

7. How many members has the present Board 
of Missions? 

8. Can you give, in brief, the method the Board 
uses in making appropriations? 

9. What is said of Associational Executive 
Committees ? 



38 Christian Statesmanship 

10. JSTame tlie several departments of the Board. 

11. What officers has the Board ? 

12. How are the Corresponding Secretary and 
Treasurer elected? 

13. What are the duties of the Corresponding 
Secretary ? 

14. What are the duties of the Treasurer? 

15. What are the duties of the assistant to the 
Corresponding Secretary, Sunday School Secre- 
tary, B. Y. P. U. Secretary and Enlistment Field 
Worker ? 

16. Are they administrative officers, or mis- 
sionaries ? 

17. What is included in the budget of expense? 

18. How is the expense divided? 

19. What per cent of the total amount con- 
tributed to missions is used for expense of admin- 
istration ? ^^ 



CHAPTEK III. 

MARKS ALONG THE WAY 

If one who is climbing a mountain looks back 
over a hundred yards of the distance that he has 
come, the gain that he has made in altitude is 
almost imperceptible ; but if the backward glance 
reaches across a half-mile, the progress can be 
plainly seen. 

So in our State Mission work, we cannot get 
an adequate idea of what has been accomplised, 
by the review of a single year. If we take the 
past in periods of decades, or measure it by cer- 
tain important events, which stand as marks 
along the wayside, the work will come before us 
as a whole, and we can get a much better con- 
ception of what has been accomplished than we 
could possibly get by letting each year Mand alone. 
Some such review of the work as has just been 
outlined, will be given in this chapter. 

Laying Foundations. 

For the first fifty years of the Convention's 
life, there is not much to show in the way of 
visible results of State Mission effort, but no 
more important work has ever been done than 
that which was accomplished during the first half 
century of the Board's existence. 

When the railroad bridge which spans the 
Mississippi River at Memphis, Tennessee, was 



40 Christian Statesmanship 

built, much time and money were spent in laying 
the foundations down under the water, out of 
sight. The super-structure, with the track over 
which the trains pass, would not be there now 
had not this work, which is invisible, been done 
first. So for fifty years the Board wrought in 
faith and patience, without being able to show 
what they were doing; but on that foundation a 
grand super-structure has been built. 

The first thirty years were spent in getting the 
associations to cooperate. Prejudice and igno- 
rance had to be overcome, and it took ^line upon 
line, precept upon precept," and year after year 
to accomplish this task. 

Important Institutions. 

This time was not wasted. The brethren were 
laying their plans with consummate wisdom, and 
installing machinery which we are still using to 
very great advantage. Wake Forest College and 
the Biblical Recorder were brought into being, 
because they were needed in the vast undertak- 
ing of evangelizing the State and in preparing the 
denomination to reach out to a lost world. 

During this period of general preparatory work, 
a few strategic points were occupied. The first 
place to which an appropriation was made was 
Wilmington. Then followed Raleigh, Charlotte, 
Greensboro and Asheville. Missionaries were 
placed at these points and churches organized. 



Marks Aloiig the Way 41 

From these centers tlie missionaries operated and 
planted churches in smaller places. 

Deeams and Visions. 

These prophets of the olden time were con- 
stantly planning for larger things. Many of our 
modern enterprises are but realizations of their 
early dreams. In 1835 a committee, of which 
Thomas Meredith was chairman, recommended 
the founding of a college of high grade for women. 
Fifty years later, the school which bears the name 
of Meredith was established. 

They dreamed of an endowment for Wake 
Forest College. They saw the importance of 
taking aggressive measures for organizing and 
fostering Sunday Schools. They longed to see 
the Baptists of the State taking a deeper interest 
in Foreign Missions. We are but carrying out the 
work of enlistment, which they began in 1830. 
They had visions of larger things. In 1859 they 
resolved to make an effort "to raise twenty-five 
cents a head for State Missions, and ten^ cents 
a head for Ministerial Education." If now, 
(1914) fifty- five years after that resolution was 
adopted, we were raising the amounts they named, 
we would receive this year $62,000 for State Mis- 
sions, and $25,000 for Ministerial Education. 

The deep and broad foundations laid, and the 
magnificent scale on which the work was pro- 
jected in that day of poverty and weakness, show 



42 Christian Statesmanship 

that tlie founders of the Convention were true 
prophets, and mighty men of God. 

Feuit Bearing Period. 

Just about the time our State Mission work 
was organized, and a force of missionaries put in 
the field, the war between the states began, and 
demoralization followed. After the war we passed 
through the dark period of Reconstruction, from 
which we did not begin to recover until well into 
the seventies. In 1880 tabulated reports were 
given of the work of the missionaries, and we 
have made steady progress since. 

Contributions were first made to State Mis- 
sions (then known as Home Missions), Foreign 
Missions and Ministerial Education. When the 
Southern Baptist Convention was organized in 
1845, and the Home Mission Board appointed, 
Domestic Missions, as it was then called, was 
added to the benevolent objects. In 1858 Home 
Missions in ISTorth Carolina was changed to State 
Missions, to avoid confusion, as the Southern 
Baptist Convention changed the name of the Do- 
mestic Mission Board to the Home Mission Board. 

Perhaps the progress made can be shown in 
no better way than by presenting a table indicat- 
ing contributions by decades, to the objects to 
which the Convention contributed in those early 
days. Special attention is called to the sym- 
metrical way in which the denomination made its 
contributions. 



Marks Along the Way 43 





State 


Foreign 


Home 






Missions 


Missions 


Missions 


Education 


1830 


. . $ 220.62 


$ 120.041/2 


$ 


$ 174.06 M 


1840. . . . 


634.95 


212.37 




161.57 


1850 


1,470.46 


1,252.47 




635.33 


1860 


919.30 


844.18 


47.85 


1,058.89 


1870 


329.46 


408.28 


27.50 


224.45 


1880 


1,896.08M 


2,262.473^ 


91.74 


1,736.711/^ 


1890. . . . 


, . . 12,348.31 


8,902.06 


3,269.18 


3,620.75 


1900 


. . . 18,530.14 


8,757.66 


5,538.56 


2,332.96 


1910 


. . . 41,428.46 


35,360.88 


20,163.55 


5,068.61 


1914 


. . . 50,421.68 


56,318.50 


32,710.17 


6,120.61 



iNTRODUCTioisr OF N^EW Featuees. 

We shall now go back and note tlie introduc- 
tion of new departments from time to time, as 
the need for them became apparent, and sufficient 
funds could be secured for their support. 

Woman's Work. 

The Woman's Central Committee was organ- 
ized in 1877, for the purpose of aiding the few 
Missionary Societies then in existence, in their 
work, and of encouraging the organization of 
other Societies. There was strenuous and suc- 
cessful objection made to allowing the Central 
Committee to report their work to the Conven- 
tion. This so discouraged the good women that 
very little effort was made to revive the work 
until 1887, at which time the Central Committee 
was appointed by the Board, and a report of their 
work was submitted to the Convention, through 
the Board of Missions. This method of report- 
ing to the Convention is still used. All funds 
raised by the Woman's Missionary Societies are 
sent to the Treasurer of the Convention, and the 
church to which a society belongs, is given credit 
for the same. The Societies contribute to the 



44 Christian Statesmanship 

three mission objects. They are also raising a 
fund annually toward meeting the expenses of 
their work. This fund is supplemented by an 
appropriation from the Board. 

The organization of the women is known as 
the "Woman's Missionary Union, Auxiliary to 
the Baptist Convention of l^orth Carolina/' and 
it lives up to its name, as it has become a mighty 
auxiliary in many important ways. The first 
report of the Central Committee, made to the 
Convention in 1887, shows the following amounts 
raised: Foreign Missions, $654.17; State Mis- 
sions, $115.33; Home Missions, $172.20; total, 
$941.70. They raised for expenses that year, 
$75.95, and contributed to other things, $69.25, 
making a grand total of $1,010.95. 

In 1913 the women reported for Foreign Mis- 
sions, $18,249.54; Home Missions, $10,204.59; 
State Missions, $10,566.65 ; Bible Fund, $130.32 ; 
Expense Account, $517.86 ; making a total of 
$39,668.96. 

In chapter VI, mention is made of the Church 
Building Fund, of the State Board of Missions. 
This money is contributed by the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Societies. 

Sunday School Department. 

Early in the history of the Convention a Sun- 
day School Secretary was appointed, but was 
forced to resign for lack of support. A Sunday 
School Board was established, whose chronic con- 



Marks Along the Way 45 

dition was one of indebtedness. A book depart- 
ment was added, which put the Sunday School 
Board more deeply in debt. The name was 
changed to Sunday School Association, but this 
organization was short lived. In 1871 a Sunday 
School Board was established, with the under- 
standing that "it shall in no case be authorized 
to impose any pecuniary obligation on the Con- 
vention." 

In 1871 Mr. John E. Kay was asked to take 
charge of the affairs of the Sunday School Board, 
and he succeeded in pulling it out of debt. 

In 1887 the Board of Missions and the Sunday 
School Board were consolidated under its present 
name, "Board of Missions and Sunday Schools 
of the Baptist State Convention." In 1891 Rev. 
M. L. Kesler was elected Sunday School Secre- 
tary, but resigned in a few months to enter the 
pastorate. In 1896 Rev. B. "W. Spilman was 
elected Sunday School Secretary. He carried the 
work through its darkest days. Dr. Spilman is 
recognized as one of the foremost Sunday School 
experts in the country. His successors, in the 
order of their election, have been T. I^Teil Johnson, 
Hight C. Moore, and E. L. Middleton, the present 
incumbent. At first practically all of the expense 
of this department was paid out of State Mission 
funds. Gradually the importance of the work was 
seen and a better support given to it. In 1909, it 
became self-sustaining. The Sunday School work 
has grown in favor, and is now justly regarded 



4:6 Christian Statesmanship 

as a very important department of t^ie Board 
of Missions. 

Work Among the I^egroes. 

The following section is taken from the report 
of the Board of Missions, submitted to the ses- 
sion of the Convention held in Greensboro, in 
1895: 

"It is proposed that four bodies, the Home 
Mission Society of l^ew York, the Home Mission 
Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, the 
Baptist Convention of l^orth Carolina, and the 
'Negro Baptist Convention, shall unite in the 
work of evangelization of the colored people of 
ISTorth Carolina. 

"This work has progressed so far as the em- 
ployment of a general missionary for the State, 
with three district missionaries in different parts 
of the State, who are already in the field. 

"It is expected that the expense of this work 
for the first year will be borne equally by these 
four bodies, and afterward that the proportion 
of the Negro Convention shall be increased gradu- 
ally until they will bear the greater part of the 
burden." 

Our Convention entered into this cooperative 
work with the other three bodies. The arrange- 
ment was continued through three periods of 
three years each, making nine years in all. The 
first year the appropriation by our Board to this 
work was $950, and the amount was reduced 
gradually year by year, $200 being the sum ap- 



Marhs Along the Way 47 

propriated the last year. This financial assistance 
together with much personal aid by white minis- 
isters and others in the institutes conducted for 
N'egro preachers, was given at a time when the 
JSTegroes needed it, and it was a blessing to the 
white Baptists to give it. The nine years during 
which this work was carried on covered the dark- 
est period in the history of our State, since the 
days of Reconstruction. The year 1898 will al- 
ways be memorable because of the bitter race feel- 
ing engendered by political discussions. In several 
sections of the State there were race riots which 
resulted in bloodshed. Through all this bitterness, 
the feeling between the religious leaders of both 
races was cordial and fraternal. The colored 
preachers urged their people to exerci,se self- 
restraint during the storm of political passion. 
They assured them that the Christian white peo- 
ple of the State were their friends, and had at 
heart the good of the l^egroes. As evidence of 
this they pointed to the fact that, in the midst 
of political rancor, the Baptist State Board of 
Missions had given thousands of dollars for mis- 
sion work among the ISTegroes. There would, no 
doubt, have been more riots and bloodshed, had it 
not been for the influence of the religious leaders 
among the IsTegroes. 

While our colored brethren no longer ask our 
aid they do desire the sympathy and encourage- 
ment of their white brethren, and these we are 
glad to give them. A fraternal messenger was 



48 Christian Statesmanship. 

sent from their Convention to ours in 1914, and 
the president of our Convention was appointed 
to bear the greetings of our Convention to the 
Colored Convention at its next session. 

Mountain School Work. 

When Rev. John E. White graduated from 
Wake Forest College, he was employed as princi- 
pal of Mars Hill College. He became deeply in- 
terested in the "People of the Hills." He saw 
their possibilities, and was convinced that educa- 
tion was their greatest need. 

In 1895, Mr. White was elected Corresponding 
Secretary of the Baptist State Convention. This 
gave him an opportunity to become better ac- 
quainted with the mountain section, and this ac- 
quaintance confirmed and strengthened him in 
the opinion that our denomination should do some- 
thing for the development of the people of the 
West, most of whom are Baptists. 

In the report of the Board to the Convention 
at the session 'held in Greenville in 1898, Secre- 
tary White recommended that we aid the moun- 
tain people in establishing and maintaining a 
system of schools. This recommendation was 
adopted, and Rev. A. E. Brown, of Asheville, was 
elected by the Board as Assistant Secretary, with 
the understanding that his time would be devoted 
chiefly to promoting the interests of the mountain 
schools. The attention of the Home Board was 
called to this new undertaking, and it agreed to 



Marks Along the Way 49 

enter into cooperation with the State Board in 
support of the Mountain Schools. The impor- 
tance of this department became so manifest, and 
the experiment in JSTorth Carolina so satisfactory, 
that the Home Board, largely under the influence 
of Dr. White, who had gone to Atlanta as pastor, 
decided to enlarge its educational work, by tak- 
ing in all the mountain section of the South. Dr. 
A. E. Brown was elected by the Plome Board as 
Superintendent of the Mountain School Depart- 
ment, and our Convention, in 1904:, turned over 
to the Home Board the Mountain School work 
in this State. 

It will be seen from the foregoing that the 
system of Mountain Schools, which has become 
such an important department of the Home 
Board, had its beginning in the State Mission 
Board of North Carolina, and our Board also 
discovered and furnished to the Home Board the 
man who has served, and is serving, so success- 
fully as Superintendent of the Mountain School 
Work. 

Layman's Committee. 

The Layman's Movement was, at first, inter- 
denominational, and, indeed, inter-denomina- 
tional meetings are still held for their inspira- 
tional value. It was discovered, however, that in 
the application of the methods which were being 
pressed by the Layman's Movement, more could 
be accomplished along denominational lines. For 
this reason, the leading denominations in the 



50 Christian Statesmanship 

State, and in the South, appointed Layman^s 
Committees. At the session of the Convention 
which was held in Wadesboro in 1909, a Layman's 
Committe was appointed with Mr. J. H. Tucker 
as chairman. The following year, Mr. Tucker 
declined to act longer, as chairman, and Prof. 
F. P. Tlobgood was elected to the position. After 
three years of faithful service Prof. Hobgood de- 
clined reelection, and Prof. Charles E. Brewer, 
Ph.D., was chosen as chairman. The progress of 
this work has been slow, but steady. The methods 
which are being pressed by the Laymen's Move- 
ment, are excellent, and if the Committee can 
secure the cooperation of active laymen, and the 
sympathy and assistance of the pastors, great im- 
provement will follow in our financial methods. 

Baptist Young People's Union. 

At the session of 1912 the Convention in- 
structed the Board to find and employ a suitable 
man for Secretary of the Baptist Young People's 
Union. Rev. Theodore B. Davis was engaged for 
the position. He threw his whole heart into it, 
and did excellent work. There were, however, 
difficulties and discouragements innumerable. 
There were some who did not appreciate the im- 
portance of the B. Y. P. U. work, and others who 
did not think it should be supported out of State 
Mission funds. With all this opposition, it is not 
surprising that Mr. Davis accepted a call to a 
pastorate which offered opportunity for great 
usefulness. 



Marks Along the Way 51 

The resignation of Mr. Davis caused the friends 
of the B. Y. P. U. Movement to see that there 
was danger of losing all that had been gained in 
the organization of the young people. Stirring 
speeches were made at the Convention, and a 
recommendation of the Board, providing for the 
continuance of the work, was adopted. Rev. J. 
D. Moore was employed as B. Y. P. U. Secretary. 

Co-OPERATION AND ENLISTMENT. 

At the Convention in 1912, an arrangement 
was entered into with the Home Mission Board 
to do cooperative work in the way of enlisting 
the churches that are not giving to the cause of 
missions, and of securing a larger number of 
contributors in the churches that are enlisted. 

Rev. C. A. Upchurch was selected by the Board 
as Enlistment Field Worker, his salary and ex- 
penses to be paid jointly by the Home and State 
Boards. In the preceding chapter the duties of 
the Enlistment Field Worker were described. In 
some cases Mr. Upchurch has personally con- 
ducted an every member canvass, to demonstrate 
how it can be done. In every instance where 
such a canvass has been made, the number of con- 
tributors has been greatly enlarged, and gratify- 
ing increase made in pledges to missions and pas- 
tor's salary. Another important feature of this 
work is the formation of compact fields. The 
Enlistment Field Worker takes pleasure in assist- 
ing in the formation of such fields, when invited 



1 3 ^ 



} :> ^ ) ' ) 
J J ' 5 > 



52 



Christian Statesmanship 



to do so. The most effective work done by Mr. 
Upchurcli lias been along this line. 

This Year's Work. 

Our work in the year 1914 was laid out on 
a basis of $55,000. We have a hundred and 
fifty-two missionaries, preaching at more than 
three hundred churches and outstations, in forty- 
six of the sixty-four associations. In addition 
to the regular missionaries we are sustaining the 
departments which have just been named, and 
are giving $7,000 to aid in building houses of 
worship on important mission fields in the State. 

In a subsequent chapter the results of State 
Mission work will be given in detail, but the 
purpose here has been to take a general survey 
of the Board's achievements from the organiza- 
tion of the Convention down to the present time. 

Suggested Questions 

1. How can we best judge of the progress we 
have made? 

2. What was done during the first fifty years 
of the Convention's life? 

3. Can you name some important towns in 
which churches were aided by the Board during 
this period? 

4. What were some of the dreams and visions 
indulged in by the fathers? 

5. When did we begin aggressive State Mission 
work of which we have tabulated statements? 



•'■■ ♦» • • »• ••» 



Marks Along the Way 63 

6. Wlien w^s tlie Southern Baptist Convention 
organized ? 

7. Wlien and wliy was tlie name of mission 
work in the State changed from Home to State 
Missions? 

8. Give, if you can, the amounts contributed 
by decades to the objects of the Convention from 
its organization down to the present time. 

9. When was the Woman's Work begun? 

10. Tell something of its progress. 

11. Tell something of the beginning and work 
of the Sunday School department. 

12. What about work among the I^egroes? 

13. When did the Mountain School work 
begin ? 

14. Tell something of the Layman's Move- 
ment. 

15. Give some account of the B. Y. P. U. 
Work. 

16. What is meant by Cooperation and En- 
listment ? 

17. What is the basis upon which the Board 
is operating this year (1914) ? 



CHAPTEK lY. 

OUR COUNTRY CHURCH PROBLEM 

Some one has recently said that the word yroh- 
lem is greatly overworked; that the problem 
solvers have an interminable task on their hands; 
that problems are peculiar to no time or place, 
as every country, every age and every day has 
its problems. That every place and every day 
has its problems is doubtless true; but this only 
emphasizes the fact that we, in our day, have 
problems which we must meet and to whose solu- 
tion it behooves us to give earnest consideration. 

Very material changes have taken place since 
the organization of our Convention, and, indeed, 
during the last decade. These changed conditions 
have affected the life of our State at every point. 
ITowhere, perhaps, have the effects been greater 
or more important than in the religious condition 
of our people. This is true of the whole South, 
but this discussion will be confined to ITorth 
Carolina. 

The Country Church of the Olden Time. 

When the Convention was organized and the 
work of State Missions was begun, we had no 
towns of any considerable size. Our strength 
was in the country. This was the state of 
affairs after the war. In those days the country 
church was the center of the community life. 
The country pastor lived among his people. He 



Our Country Church Frohlem 55 

owned his farm with its broad and productive 
acres, and, in many instances, he owned slaves 
who worked his land, so that he conld have time 
for reading and study. He was, as a rule, the 
best informed man in the community, and was 
the social, intellectual and religious leader of his 
people. He held up before them high ideals, and 
by his exemplary life, impressed upon them the 
importance of vital godliness. To them religion 
was a very real thing, and the obligations of 
church membership were not assumed lightly. 
When one did take upon himself solemn responsi- 
bility by becoming a member of a church, he did 
so with the earnest determination to live up to 
his vows. 

The weakest point in the country churches of 
the olden time was that they did not know the 
grace of giving. The pastor was not dependent 
upon them for a support, and he did not instruct 
them as to their duty in giving to support the 
things of the Kingdom. And right here, until 
this present day, is the fatal weakness of our 
country churches. 

The Country Church of To-Day. 

The country pastor of the olden time is gone, 
many of the churches that were strong numeri- 
cally and financially, have been weakened by 
the removal of a large percentage of their mem- 
bership to some nearby town. As a consequence, 
some of them are unable to have preaching, if 
the support of the pastor depends upon the mem- 



66 Christian Statesmanship 

bership. Take, as examples, conditions in two 
Western states. "Last year there were 258 Bap- 
tist churches in Minnesota, but 185 churches have 
disbanded since 1859, and of those in existence 
twenty-three are reported in a precarious condi- 
tion. There are now 197 Baptist churches in 
Wisconsin, but more have been buried than are 
now in existence." 

Conditions are not so bad here yet as in the 
states just mentioned, but we are moving in that 
direction, and we should take warning from these 
states, and make an earnest effort to save our- 
selves, while we may, from such a distressing 
situation. 

In JSTorth Carolina, as in other states, the farms 
are being rapidly given over to tenants. So far 
we are not troubled with the foreigner, but even 
if the tenant be an American, he does not usually 
take as much interest in the church and its work 
as the owner of the land did. In the states men- 
tioned above, the problem is made more complex 
because a large per cent, of the tenants who oc- 
cupy the farms are foreigners and very many 
of them are Roman Catholics. So far we are 
a homogeneous people, but the next generation will 
have the foreign element to deal with. 

Should We Allow These Churches to Die? 

Of course the policy of the Mission Board is 
to aid churches with the expectation that they shall 
gain sufficient financial strength to stand alone, 
but it will not do to make that an invariable rule. 



Our Country Church Problem 57 

It may be necessary to extend aid to some churches 
without hope that they will ever make large 
financial returns to the denomination. The 
country church has made important contributions 
to the Kingdom, other, and more valuable, than 
money. It is the feeder of the town church. In 
discussing the country church Mr. Padelford 
says : '^One cause of its weakness, as we have 
already noted, is that it is constantly giving of 
its best life to the town and city churches. The 
stability, aggressiveness and spiritual life of our 
city churches, are largely augmented by the stream 
of strong, pure, young life that flows from the 
rural districts. A study of statistics reveals the 
fact that the city churches could not possibly 
maintain themselves by their baptismal increase, 
but are dependent upon the members they receive 
from the small churches to maintain their bal- 
ance." He states further that it is estimated that 
at least seventy-five per cent, of the men and 
women of influence in the church and national 
life, were reared in country homes, while eighty 
per cent, of the preachers were furnished by the 
country churches. Eemember Mr. Padelford is 
speaking of N'orthern churches, in which section 
they have large cities. In the South, especially 
in I^orth Carolina, the figures would be more 
largely in favor of the country church. 

Difficulties in the Way of Development. 

1. One of the chief obstacles is found in the 
fact that it is very hard to induce the country 



58 Christian Statesmanship 

churches to form compact fields. They look upon 
such a move as a surrender of their independence, 
forgetting that interdependence may be recognized 
without any suggestion of a surrender of inde- 
pendence. It is impossible for any pastor to 
develop a field comprising four churches all 
remote from each other^ and the pastor's home 
remote from them all. To call a man who 
serves such a field, a pastor, is a misnomer. 
He may be their preacher, but he cannot be their 
pastor. A pastor is the shepherd of a flock, and 
it is the duty of a shepherd to care for his flock 
as well as to feed them. He needs to be at hand 
to protect his sheep from danger, to lead them 
back to the fold when they go astray, and to min- 
ister to them when they are sick. 

It would be a great blessing to any country 
church to have a man with a shepherd's heart 
living in their midst. This arrangement might be 
made with comparatively little difficulty, if the 
churches could only be brought to realize the im- 
portance of it. 

2. Another hindrance is once-a-month preach- 
ing. A church may manage to exist, but it cannot 
hope to make much, if any, progress, with once-a- 
month preaching. Fewer than three hundred of 
our churches have preaching oftener than once 
a month, leaving over seventeen hundred with 
once-a-month preaching. Is it any wonder that 
we are not doing more to advance the Kingdom of 
our Lord? There are hundreds of our country 
churches which could have preaching every Sun- 



Our Country Church Problem 59 

day, and half of them might easily have preach- 
ing twice a month. As was noted in the begin- 
ning of this chapter, in the days when the coun- 
try churches were strong and influential they 
were not trained to support their pastors, and 
they have never learned since. 

A farm hand is worth a dollar a day. If he 
works two hundred and fifty days in a year, he 
will receive two hundred and fifty dollars for his 
labor. A country church with a hundred mem- 
bers, will have, say twenty families represented in 
its membership. It would be a liberal estimate 
to suppose that the average salary paid by 
churches of this kind, for preaching once a month, 
is two hundred dollars. One family in that 
church will pay more for a farm hand than the 
twenty families will pay to the one called of God 
to minister to them in spiritual things ! Is it 
strange that our country churches are growing 
weaker and less efficient year by year? Is it sur- 
prising that our children are drifting away 
from the churches and are failing to take interest 
in religious things, when their parents place 
twenty times the value upon the labor of a farm 
hand that they put upon the services of the pas- 
tor of the church? Unless there is a radical and 
speedy change at this point, our country churches 
are going to lose out, and what of the religions 
condition of the country children a generation 
hence ? 

3. It is difiicult to secure strong, well equipped 
men for country fields. Young men who have 



60 Christian Statesmanship 

spent years in preparation for the ministry are 
in debt, as a rule, when they leave college or the 
seminary. The country fields do not offer a sup- 
port, to say nothing of school debts that must be 
paid. Men in business or professional life can 
afford to begin on a small salary. A lawyer, or 
doctor, may not make expenses for the first two 
or three years, but he can wait because he knows 
a brighter day is coming by and by. When he 
reaches the self-sustaining point, his income goes 
on increasing for many years. In a few years 
his debts are all paid, and he has a snug sum in- 
vested against the day of old age. 

The preacher, on the other hand, can never 
hope to receive much, if any, more than enough 
for an economical support. It is natural that he 
should want to be relieved of his debts as soon 
as possible, and when some town church calls 
him at a salary on which he can live, and grad- 
ually pay off his debts, he accepts the call and 
goes to town. 

Here, then, is the condition in which we find 
a large percentage of our country churches : 
Scattered fields, once-a-month preaching and sal- 
aries inadequate for the support of strong, well- 
equipped men. A suggestion or two, as to how 
the evils referred to may be remedied, may not be 
out of place. 

Forming Compact Fields. 

An earnest effort should be made to form com- 
pact fields. This can be done if churches con- 



Our Country Church Problem 61 

tiguous to eacli other will agree to group them- 
selves into fields, two, three, or four churches 
forming a field. There should not be more than 
two churches in a field, if these two can possibly 
support a pastor. It will be found, however, 
that if it is necessary for four churches to go 
into a group at first, if they locate a pastor in 
their midst, it will not be long before the field 
will be able to support another pastor, giving two 
churches to each. Building homes for pastor will 
be a great aid in the formation of fields, and will 
help to hold the churches together when the 
fields are formed. If four churches unite in a 
field and build a home for the pastor, and if the 
field should develop sufficient liberality to divide 
and support two men, two of the churches could 
buy, from the other two, half interest in the 
home, and, with the money thus obtained the new 
field could soon have a home for its pastor. 

Pastors whose fields overlap, can render very 
effective aid in the formation of fields, by re- 
signing any churches which are so located as to 
properly belong in some other group. In taking 
this step the pastor should endeavor to show his 
people the great advantage that would come to 
them in the formation of a field, occupied by a 
resident pastor, and not supplied by an absentee 
preacher who visits them once a month. This 
might cause a few pastors to make temporary 
sacrifices, but in the long run it would prove ad- 
vantageous to the pastors, as many of the 
churches would go from once-a-month to twice-a- 



62 Christian Statesmanship 

month preaching, and others to full time, thus 
causing the formation of more fields. When such 
progressive steps are taken, better pastoral sup- 
port is sure to follow. 

The State Board can be of service, too, by aiding 
fields, as a demonstration of what can be done. 
If a field is not able, at first, or is not sufficiently 
developed in the grace of giving, to offer a support 
to a strong, aggressive pastor, the Mission Board 
could make no more wise expenditure than to 
appropriate a small amount to the field to aid 
them in securing the services of an efficient man. 
It can be made clear to the field that this aid is to 
be extended for a short time only, the amount to 
be scaled each year, with the understanding that 
the pastor must not suffer loss by the reduction on 
the part of the Board, the field agreeing to in- 
crease its part of the salary to make up the amount 
by which the Board reduces its appropriation. 
This method will not only bring that particular 
field up to a self-sustaining basis, but it will 
demonstrate to the surrounding churches the great 
advantage of such an arrangement, and other fields 
will be formed, as a result. The Board will be 
glad to send the Enlistment Field Worker, to aid 
in the formation of fields, if his services are de- 
sired, and previous engagements will not prevent 
his going. 

The Heroic Spirit I^eeded. 

Another thing needed in solving this problem, 
is the heroic spirit on the part of our well-equipped 



Our Country Church Prohlem 63 

young preachers. Even if a country field pro- 
vides a support, the idea prevails that it is not so 
desirable, as a town church, as the latter offers a 
greater opportunity for usefulness. It is perfectly 
proper on the part of any man, to desire to spend 
his life where it will count for most. The trouble 
with the prevailing opinion, in this case, however, 
is, that it does not seem to be justified by the facts. 

In a battle, reinforcements are sent to the weak- 
est points in the line. In the work of the Lord, 
the greatest opportunity is usually found at the 
place of greatest need. According to the govern- 
ment census of 1910 the rural population of our 
State was 1,887,813, or 85.6 per cent, while the 
rural population of the whole country was only 
53.7 per cent. In this enumeration a town with 
less than 2,500 is classed with the rural population. 
We would call such a place a city, but the propor- 
tion holds, for this rule is applied to the whole 
country. The proportion of our rural population 
to the rural population of the whole country, is 
that of 85 to 53. 

Another thing we must remember is the fact that 
more than half of the country people of ITorth 
Carolina are Baptists, or under Baptist influence. 
Our responsibility for the religious condition of 
the country is more than twice as great as that of 
all other denominations combined. If a town 
church, which pays a living salary is without a 
pastor, they have no trouble in securing one; but 
the Macedonian cry goes up unheeded from a 
number of important country fields. Many of our 



64 Christian Statesmanship 

country churclies are dying for lack of more 
efficient leadership. What a marvelous oppor- 
tunity is here offered for the development of the 
latent possibilities in these country churches. 

The Country Chuech a Plant Bed. 

In his inspiring book^ ''The Commonwealths 
and the Kingdom/' Mr. Padelford tells of one 
little country church in Massachusetts supported 
largely by the State Board, which sent out 
twenty-nine preachers, and six of them found 
their wives in its membership. One of the preach- 
ers sent out was Rev. Amory Gale, the first gen- 
eral missionary in Minnesota, and founder of the 
Minnesota Baptist State Convention. The 
church has also sent out a hundred and seventy- 
five young men and women as teachers in public 
schools. A city church in the same State reports 
that two of its deacons, the superintendent of its 
Sunday School, and four of the teachers, came 
from this country church. This little mission 
church, out in the open country, has but twenty- 
eight resident members. At no time within the 
last fifty years has it had more than fifty resident 
members. Its largest membership nearly a cen- 
tury ago, was one hundred and thirty. 

Did it mean anything to be pastor of that little 
mission church in the country? What town 
church could have offered an opportunity for such 
a fruitful pastorate? There are obscure country 
churches in N'orth Carolina, whose history, if 
known and written, would show results almost. 



Our Country Church Problem 65 

if not quite, as great; and there are churches by 
the hundreds in our State to-day which, with the 
right sort of leadership, would send out young 
men and young women by the score, to fill places 
of conspicuous usefulness in the Kingdom. This 
is the call of the country church, with its unparal- 
leled opportunities. 

There are some comforts and conveniences in 
the towns that are not found in the country; but 
if one enters the ministry with the expectation 
of finding ease and comfort, he is destined to 
serious disappointment. We need strong men on 
our mission fields more than anywhere else. A 
call to mission work in China appeals to the 
heroic, but there are mission fields in ISTorth 
Carolina which offer greater opportunities, in 
some respects, for the exhibition of a heroic spirit, 
than are offered on any foreign field. The pastor 
of the country church of to-day is pastor of the 
town church of to-morrow, for, as we have already 
seen, the towns are constantly drawing on the 
rich young blood in the country. 

Siig"geste.d Questions 

1. What has created problems in the country 
churches ? 

2. What can you say about the country church 
of the olden time? 

3. What of the country church of to-day? 

4. What is the policy of the Mission Board in 
aiding churches? ' 



66 Christian Statesmanship 

6. Would it be wise to adhere rigidly to this 
policy as to every church.? 

6. How does mission work in the country 
churches help the town church? 

7. What are some of the difficulties in the way 
of the development of country churches? 

8. How can these difficulties be removed? 

9. Why does the country church afford a great 
opportunity ? 

10. What per cent of the people of the United 
States live in the country? 

11. What per cent of the people of IvTorth 
Carolina live in the country? 

12. What proportion of these are Baptists, or 
under Baptist influence? 



CHAPTEK Y. 

THE TOW]^ CHURCH PROBLEM 

While we liave no large cities in ^orth Caro- 
lina, there are several towns of considerable size, 
and these are growing rapidly. ISTew towns are 
springing up. There has been for several years 
past, a movement from the country to the towns. 
As was noted in the last chapter, this migration 
to the towns constitutes a problem in the life of 
the country church. It is also true that prob- 
lems equally as grave have arisen in the town 
church because of these changed conditions. 

Some of the Problems of the Town" Chuech. 

People who move from country to town find 
themselves in an altogether different environment. 
Fresh from the old country church with its sim- 
ple and, to them, soulful worship, they do not feel 
at home in the town church with its more stately 
and elaborate forms of worship. They have been 
accustomed, before and after the worship, to 
stand around in the churchyard and engage in 
friendly conversation. If a stranger drives up, 
he is always met with a cordial welcome, and does 
not leave the church ground without several in- 
vitations to dinner. In a town church the people 
go immediately into the house of worship, and 
leave it almost as quickly, when the benediction 
is pronounced. The country brother is spoken to 



68 Christian Statesmanship 

only by a few, and, in some instances, by none. 
Tbose near whom be sits may not be members 
of tbat cburcb, or, if tbey are, tbey may not kno^ 
tbat be is a stranger, wbo is lonely and beart 
bungry for a word of Cbristian sympatby and 
fellowsbip. He goes away feeling tbat tbe cburcb 
is a spiritual refrigerator, filled witb pride, and 
sadly lacking in tbe spirit of fraternity. Tbe 
danger is tbat be will not attend witb sufficient 
frequency, or regularity, to adjust bimself to tbe 
new environment. If be attends cburcb at all, 
be becomes a mere occasional visitor to a cburcb 
of bis own denomination. Tbere are bundreds 
of sucb Baptists in every town of any size, in 
ISTortb Carolina. Many of tbese were regular at- 
tendants upon, and useful members of, tbe old 
country cburcb. Tbere is a serious leakage just 
at tbis point. Here is an important field for 
activity for tbe missionary and tbe mission 
cburcb. Tbe mission cburcb is made up, largely, 
of tbose wbo bave come in from tbe country or 
from otber towns, and wbo, like tbe visitor to tbe 
old town cburcb, are strangers in tbe town. Tbere 
is a bond of sympatby wbicb tbey all recognize, 
and by wbicb tbey are all drawn togetber. Tbe 
additions by letter, reported by tbe missionaries, 
every year are cbiefly from tbe class we bave been 
considering. Many of tbese become useful mem- 
bers of tbe new cburcb, wbo would, likely, be lost 
altogetber to tbe denomination were it not for tbe 
fact tbat a mission cburcb was planted near tbem. 



The Town Church Problem 69 

Suburban Churches. 

In every growing town there are suburban 
residential sections. It is in the suburbs of our 
growing towns and cities, that the State Mission 
Board is doing it chief work to-day. These sub- 
urban sections are becoming the most attractive 
residential portions of our towns and cities. A 
land company buys up a tract of land just on the 
outskirts of a growing town. They spend a vast 
sum of money in laying the land off in lots, pav- 
ing the streets and sidewalks, and, in every way 
possible, making the place beautiful and attrac- 
tive. A few of the old residents, with a desire 
to get away from the noise and dust of the city, 
buy lots, build handsome homes upon them, and 
move out. When strangers come to town pros- 
pecting, the enterprising manager of the land 
company takes them in his automobile to see "the 
most desirable residential section in the whole 
city." They are led to see it as he does, and buy 
lots and build homes. There is a new community 
built up in a little while, with every modern con- 
venience except a church in which to worship. 

There are difficulties in the way of establishing 
a church in such a community. The residents 
who moved out belong to the old church down 
town, and are held to it by hallowed associations. 
These, it must be granted, are mere sentimental 
considerations, but sentiment has much to do with 
our religion. Those who have but recently moved 
into the city, do not feel as deeply interested in 
the community as the old residents. And so be- 



70 Christian Statesmanship 

tween those wlio belong to, and are entirely satis- 
fied with, the down-town church, and the new- 
comers, who have not decided as to what church 
relations they will form, a golden opportunity 
may be lost forever, unless the State Board steps 
into the breach and saves the situation. 

It is difficult to estimate the importance of 
planting churches in these stragetic points, and 
at the opportune moment. The State Mission 
Board should, in every way possible, offer encour- 
agement to such an enterprise. With the money 
and the moral influence given to it by the 
denomination, it should aid in establishing 
churches in these communities. These little sub- 
urban churches may appear unimportant and 
without influence now, but in many places they 
hold the religious future of the town or city. It 
may be that the new church will not be firmly 
established until a generation of children who are 
trained in its Sunday School, will find in it their 
church home. That is the very spirit and genius 
of State Missions. Its task always has been and 
always will be, one of seed sowing. 

The Doww-Town Church. 

As yet there are but few places in our State 
which are of sufficient size to thrust upon us the 
problem of the down-town church. That is a 
problem, however, in many cities in other states, 
and we will be brought face to face with it here 
in IsTorth Carolina, before long. By the "down- 
town church" is meant a church in a locality 



The Town Church Problem 71 

which has become so congested with stores and 
other business enterprises, as to be no longer de- 
sirable as a residential section; consequently peo- 
ple sell their homes and move out into the sub- 
urbs, leaving the church surrounded by business 
blocks and boarding houses. The mission church 
in the suburbs is much more attractive now, as 
well as more convenient, than the down-town 
church. One by one the members of the down- 
town church who live in the new community join 
the little mission church, and it rapidly grows into 
a strong city church. A magnificent house of 
worship supplants the modest little building in 
which the mission church began its useful career. 
ITow the down-town church is left stranded, as 
its wealthy and influential members have trans- 
ferred their membership. Must it be left to die? 
It is no longer in a residential section, but there 
are more people living within easy reach of it 
than ever before, and these people have immortal 
souls. If they are to enjoy religious advan- 
tages, these advantages must be given to them 
through some mission agency. The problem with 
us at the present moment is the suburban church, 
but in the coming years it will be necessary for 
our State Mission Board to transfer its base of 
operation to the down-town sections of our great 
cities of the future. 

Cotton Mill Towns. 

There are more cotton mills in ISTorth Carolina 
than in any other State in the Union, except 



72 Christian 8tates7nanship 

Massachusetts. A cotton mill is built near an 
old town, or in a country place near some rail- 
road, which affords good transportation facilities. 
A distinct community is built up around the mill. 
In most cases the homes belong to the mill com- 
pany, and are rented by the operatives. These 
operatives are, as a rule, good, honest people, Avho 
lived out on farms, but who, because of low prices 
of farm products, which prevailed some years 
ago, could not make a living on the farm. Many 
of these families were connected with Baptist 
churches out in the country. Here is an impor- 
tant field for the Mission Board. These are our 
people for the most part, for the simple reason 
that we have more people living in the country 
than all other denominations combined. We will 
be unfaithful to our God and to these, our breth- 
ren, if we do not aid them in providing and mjiin- 
taining places of worship. From appropriations 
to factory fields we cannot expect much in the 
way of financial returns. These people are poor, 
and their incomes are comparatively small. For 
this reason a church in a cotton mill community 
can never gain much in financial strength. 

The mill operatives form a migratory habit. Re- 
port reaches them that working hours are shorter 
and wages higher in another mill community, and 
hoping to improve their conditions, they move 
from mill to mill. Because of these frequent 
changes those who are members of a church do 
not feel the deep interest in it and its work that 
permanent residents would. But while the finan- 



The Town Church Problem 73 

cial returns are not great^ hundreds of souls are 
led to Christ every year by the missionaries in 
these churches, and thousands of children are re- 
ceiving instruction every Sunday in their Sunday 
Schools. 

Perhaps it will not be out of place to say that 
the author's first pastorate was among cotton mill 
operatives. He has never served a people since 
who were more kind and appreciative. They en- 
joyed hearing the gospel, and attended church 
regularly. This was especially true of the church 
which was composed entirely of cotton mill peo- 
ple. While the salary was not large they paid 
it promptly, and showed much kindness, in many 
ways, to the inexperienced young pastor. Among 
them were many of the Lord's jewels. 

Another remark may be permitted here. The 
writer found relations between employer and em- 
ployees much better and more cordial than some 
modern reformers would lead us to believe. Most 
mill owners take a genuine interest in the welfare 
of their operatives, and, on the other hand, most 
operatives appreciate this interest on the part 
of the employers. A wise missionary can do much 
to strengthen this relation, and such a missionary 
will find the mill owners, with very rare excep- 
tions, ready and willing to cooperate with him 
in everything looking to the uplift of the com- 
munity. If, however, the missionary conceives 
it to be his duty to become a labor agitator, he 
will lose the sympathy and fail to secure the co- 
operation of the mill owners, and work great in- 
jury to the employees. 



74 Christian Statesmanship 

Noisr- Attendance. 

Much, complaint is heard nowadays about the 
non-church-going element in our towns. This is 
especially true of the Sunday evening worship, 
and revival meetings during tlie week. Pastors 
of town churches have taken note of the fact, and 
it is a very serious one, that unconverted people 
do not attend evangelistic meetings in the week. 
How to reach the very ones for whose benefit 
these meetings are held, is a vital question. 
Business and pleasure are the chief obstacles in 
the way of church attendance in the week. Mov- 
ing picture shows have found their way to every 
little town and hamlet, as well as to the larger 
places. These are in operation in the larger 
towns from two o-clock in the afternoon until 
twelve o'clock at night, and in the smaller places 
from eight o'clock until twelve o'clock at night. 
While these shows are running more people attend 
them than can be found in the churches at any or- 
dinary week-night meeting. 

In some of our larger towns, the Continental 
Sabbath is getting a foothold. A park is built 
near town, to v/hich the street car company runs 
a line. This park is brightly illuminated, and 
open-air amusements are given. ISTot satisfied 
with a lucrative business six nights in the week, 
the greed for gain leads those who have the man- 
agement of these places to keep them open Sun- 
day evenings. The punishment for the violation 
of the law against Sabbath desecration is a mere 
form, being only a fine of a dollar. Those whose 



The Town Church Prohlem 75 

love for money leads tliem to break the Sabbath 
for ^^filthy lucre," will pay the fine, and make it 
back a hundred times in one night. The throngs 
which fill the parks on Sunday evenings in the 
summer, tell the sad story of depleted churches 
in the nearby town. 

Chukches Losing Out. 

It is not surprising, in face of the facts just 
considered, that the churches are not holding their 
own in our towns. This is not a pessimistic view, 
but a plain statement of facts. That this condi- 
tion is only temporary, we all hope, and we should 
do our utmost to bring about a change. But let 
us not shut our eyes to facts, no matter how un- 
pleasant. We should face them squarely, and if 
they show things to be wrong, we shall be in better 
position to correct them. 

Let us take the city of Greensboro, as an ex- 
ample. This city is chosen because a more thor- 
ough investigation has been made of religious con- 
ditions there, than in any other place, perhaps, in 
the State. 

In January, 1914, a religious census was taken 
which showed a net gain in church membership 
during the preceding four years of 869, which is 
14.6 per cent. According to a police census, which 
was taken at the same time, the increase in the 
population of the city was 5,000, or 31.5 per cent 
in the four years. It is a generally admitted fact, 
however, that, as a rule, a police enumeration is 
larger than the actual figures, while church sta- 



76 Christian Statesmanship 

tistics frequently come under tlie actual enroll- 
ment. It will be fair, perhaps, to take, as tlie 
estimated gain in population for the last four 
years, the ratio of increase made during the last 
decade. That would put the gain in the popula- 
tion of the city at 2,344, which is 23.2 per cent in 
four years. 

In the above police census white and colored 
were included, while the religious figures related 
only to the white churches. On the other hand, 
the police enumeration was confined to the incor- 
porate limits, while the religious figures include 
the suburbs, with 10,000 people and eight or ten 
churches. This would more than offset the ab- 
sence of the figures showing the increase in mem- 
bership among the I^egro churches, and would 
make the percentage of increase in population, as 
compared with growth in church membership, 
even greater. 

There is this interesting and significant fact: 
The percentage of Baptist gain was greater than 
that of the total per cent, gained by the others. 
Of the 869 net increase in church membership, 
the increase in the membership of the Baptist 
churches was 315, or 22.7 per cent. That is the 
Baptists gained 8.1 per cent more than the per- 
centage of gain of the others, and lacked just one- 
half of one per cent of keeping up with, the 
growth of population. This more rapid growth 
on the part of the Baptists is due, in large meas- 
ure, to the fact that a more vigorous and agressive 
mission work has been done in Greensboro by the 



The Town Church Problem 77 

State Board of Missions, than by the Mission 
Boards of other denominations. The greatest gain 
among the Baptist churches was made by Forest 
Avenue, which was organized, as a mission church 
in 1906 with fewer than fifty members. This 
church, with a membership of 251 in 1910, went to 
326 in 1914, a net gain of 30 per cent in four years. 

These conditions have been presented, and 
these facts given, to show that the problem in our 
towns is one of vital importance, and its solution, 
judging from the figures given, depends largely 
upon the wise and aggressive prosecution of State 
Mission work. It may be said that the situation 
in Greensboro is not very encouraging, as it has 
been one of our most promising fields, and despite 
this fact the growth of the churches is not keeping 
pace with the increase of population. That is 
true, but how much worse conditions would have 
been, if we had not done the work that has been 
done in Greensboro within the last ten years. 

We have, then, a double problem: The deple- 
tion of the country church by removals to the 
towns, has created a problem in the country church 
which calls for the assistance of the State Board 
of Missions ; and the influx to the towns from the 
country communities opens up a new problem in 
the towns which, as we have seen, must be met by 
the State Board. 

Suggested Questions 

1. What reasons have we to believe that we 
shall have more and larger towns, in the near 
future ? 



5 3 



78 Christian Statesmanship 

2. How about the environment that one from 
the country finds when he attends worship for the 
first time in a town church ? 

3. Why does the atmosphere differ? 

4. What opinion does the new-comer frequently 
form in regard to the members of the town 
church ? 

5. Is this a correct opinion? 

6. What is the stranger's relation to the church 
likely to be ? 

7. How can the mission church render impor- 
tant service to those who go from country to 
town? 

8. What is said about the mission of the subur- 
ban church? 

9. What about the down-town church? 

10. State something about the religious condi- 
tion of factory towns. 

11. Why is it difficult to bring a church in a 
cotton-mill town up to the self-sustaining point? 

12. What should be the attitude of the pastor 
of a cotton-mill church toward the millowners 
and employees? 

13. What are some of the causes for non-attend- 
ance upon the worship in town churches? 

14. Are our town churches holding their own? 

15. Give conditions in one city, and state the re- 
sult of State Mission work in that city. 

16. How have conditions created a double prob- 
lem ? 



C < J .. -■ <: 



^ t c v- I, t 



CHAPTER YI. 

SOME RESULTS OF STATE MISSION WOKK 

There are many things that cannot be expressed 
in cold type. The most important results of 
State Mission work are spiritual, and cannot be 
tabulated. E'ot until the accounts are all in, and 
the books of Heaven are opened, can we know 
all that God has accomplished through the agency 
of State Missions. There are a few things, how- 
ever, which we do know, and from these, though 
they be less important than the unknown, we may 
form some little conception of the marvelous re- 
sults of State Mission work since the organiza- 
tion of the Convention in 1830. 

Some General Statements. 

'No tabulated reports of the work on the field 
were kept until 1880. These reports show that 
from 1880 to 1914 the missionaries baptized 42,- 
148 persons, organized 530 churches and com- 
pleted 415 houses of worship. The discrepancy 
between the number of churches organized, and 
the number of houses of worship completed, can 
be accounted for when we remember that a mis- 
sion church frequently comes off the Board before 
its house of worship is entirely completed, and, in 
the tabulated reports, the number of houses of 
worship in course of construction, is much larger 
than the number completed. i 

If we had full reports for the fifty years prior 



80 Christian Statesmanship 

to 1880, the figures would, no doubt, show from 
sixty thousand to seventy-five thousand baptisms, 
and a thousand churches organized. 

In another part of this chapter it will be shown 
that, as a rule, our most efficient churches are 
those which have been organized by the Board. 
That being true, the above figures show how 
greatly State Missions has added to our denomi- 
national strength. 

AssociATioNAL Statistics. 

The six associations which lead the State in per 
capita contributions, and the order in which they 
stand, are as follows : Roanoke, Pee Dee, Cen- 
tral, E'euse-Atlantic, Piedmont, Mecklenburg- 
Cabarrus. The Roanoke, which leads, is the great 
missionary territory of the State. In all these 
associations, save the Central, the Board is doing 
a vast amount of mission work. 

The Tar River, in 1907, was the largest associa- 
tion in the State. Within its bounds there were 
one hundred churches, with 11,006 members. The 
association contributed to the objects of the Con- 
vention in 1907, $8,065.79. At the session of 1907 
the association divided, the northern section re- 
taining the old name, and the southern portion 
adopting Roanoke as its name. Forty-nine 
churches, with 4,460 members went into the new 
organization, leaving fifty-one churches with 6,- 
551 members in the old Tar River. The mother 
association had a third more members and very 
little mission territory; while our greatest destitu- 



Some Results of State Mission Work 81 

tion is within tlie bounds of the Roanoke. The 
figures of 1913 give the Roanoke 58 churches, with 
5,768 members, and the contributions to the objects 
of the Convention reach $16,983.65. That is to 
say, this association, comprising our greatest mis- 
sion territory, added, in six years, nine churches, 
and 1,308 members, an increase of 27 per cent; 
and went forward in its contributions $13,330.33, 
an advance of 366 per cent; and leads the State 
in its per capita contributions. To be entirely 
fair it should be said that the contributions for 
1913 include $5,000 which was a special gift, but 
if that be deducted the increase is $8,330.33, or 
230 per cent in six years. 

Take the N^euse- Atlantic which, in point of des- 
titution, stands next to the Roanoke. During the 
past six years the value of church property has 
increased from $70,630 to $180,245. Contribu- 
tions ran up from $5,689.04 to $8,419.67, and 
church membership increased from 3,530 to 
4,241. 

The Roanoke and the ISTeuse-Atlantic cover the 
whole of fourteen counties, and a good part of 
two others. Most of the destitution in the East 
is embraced within the territory of these two asso- 
ciations. The progress they have made within 
the last few years, would seem to indicate that this 
field is well worth cultivating. 

Some Central Associations. 

The great manufacturing section of the State 
is covered by the Piedmont, the Pilot Mountain, 
6 



82 Christian Statesmanship 

the South Yadkin and the Mecklenburg and Ca- 
barrus. Greensboro, High Point and Keidsville 
are in the Piedmont, Winston-Salem and Leaks- 
ville in the Pilot Mountain, Salisbury and States- 
ville in the South Yadkin, and Charlotte and Con- 
cord in the Mecklenburg and Cabarrus. Every 
church in each of the towns named was planted 
by the State Board of Missions. Every church in 
the Piedmont and South Yadkin Associations 
has been aided by the Board. This is also true 
of a large majority of the churches in the Pilot 
Mountain and Mecklenburg and Cabarrus. All 
this rich and rapidly developing territory was 
held by other denominations, and the Baptists 
could never have gained a footing had it not been 
for the aid extended by the Board. 

In 1914 we had in the territory covered by these 
four associations 149 churches with 19,919 mem- 
bers, and church property worth $618,995. That 
year these churches contributed to benevolent ob- 
jects $27,384.46. If no other material result 
could be shown, this, alone, would justify all the 
expenditures made by the Board during its exist- 
ence. 

Churches Established. 

There are (1914) in the State two thousand 
churches. At least half of them have been organ- 
ized by missionaries of the Board. In some sec- 
tions of the State there are too many churches. 
In these sections consolidation is needed far more 
than multiplication of organizations. It has al- 



Some Results of State Mission Work 83 

ways been tlie policy of the Board not to establish 
a church where one was not needed. This being 
true it can be readily seen that the Board has 
rendered valuable service in discouraging the 
needless multiplication of churches. This accounts 
in part, for the fact that churches established by 
the Board are, as a rule, more efficient than those 
which have never been beneficiaries of the Board. 
The greater efficiency of these mission churches 
is due, also, to their training. A printed form is 
furnished by the Board, upon which application 
must be made when aid is desired. Certain condi- 
tions are stipulated, which must be agreed to by 
the church in conference. The church must prom- 
ise to pay a definite amount for the support of 
the pastor, and to take collections regularly for 
the objects of the Convention. The missionaries 
are required to make full reports at the end of 
each quarter, of sermons preached, num.ber bap- 
tized, and money contributed during the quarter. 
In this way the churches are trained in systematic, 
regular, and symmetrical benevolence. 

Important Points. 

Unfortunately we have not a record of all the 
churches that have been aided by the Board, but 
even if the data were at hand, it would require 
too much space to publish all the names. The 
following list of well-known towns will give some 
idea of the important contribution the work of 
State Missions has made to our denominational 



84 Christian Statesmanship 

life. The Board has planted or aided, churches 
in Murphy, Waynesville, Asheville, Marion, Hick- 
ory, J^ewton, Lenoir, Lincolnton, Morganton, 
Statesville, Salisbury, Charlotte, Concord, Lexing- 
ton, Thomasville, High Point, Greensboro, Win- 
ston-Salem, Mt. Airy, Leaksville, Reidsville, Bur- 
lington, Durham, Monroe, Wadesboro, Rocking- 
ham, Hamlet, Southern Pines, Sanford, Raleigh, 
Oxford, Henderson, Wake Forest, Warrenton, 
Weldon, Louisburg, Laurinburg, Maxton, Lum- 
berton, Hope Mills, Fayetteville, Smithfield, 
Selma, Wilmington, Goldsboro, Rocky Mount, 
Wilson, Washington, Tarboro, Plymouth, Green- 
ville, Kinston, ISTew Bern, Morehead City, Beau- 
fort, Elizabeth City, Manteo. Literally "from 
Murphy to Manteo" the Board has covered the 
State. 

In many of these places there are from two to 
six churches which have been planted by the 
Board. These points were not selected from any 
tabulated list, but were jotted down from mem- 
ory. Many of the smaller towns are not included, 
and no country church has been named. The 
Board has established more churches in the coun- 
try than in towns, but the above named places are 
given because they are well known throughout the 

State. 

Some Concrete Examples. 

We may get a more definite idea of the results 
of State Mission work by citing some concrete 
examples. Here are four important points, taken 



Some Results of State Mission Work 85 

from the three sections of the State, West, Cen- 
ter and East. 

(a) Asheville, in the West. The First Church, 
Asheville, was organized by Rev. Thomas Strad- 
ley, in 1856. Mr. Stradley came from England^ 
to this country. Asheville was at that time a small 
village. The church was organized with eight 
members. In course of time the State Board ex- 
tended a little aid to the church. The mem- 
bership of the old mother church has grown from 
8 to 1,386. Three other churches have been 
organized, whose total membership reaches a 
thousand. The Calvary Church, with 207 mem- 
bers, has never been aided by the Board; but 
West End and French Broad Avenue churches are 
now receiving aid. 

(h) Central Section; Charlotte and Greens- 
boro. The First Church, Charlotte, was organ- 
ized in 1855 with Eev. R. B. Jones as pastor. An 
appropriation of $400 was made by the Board to- 
ward the support of Mr. Jones. Charlotte now has 
^Ye churches, with a total membership of 2,250. 
All the churches in Charlotte were planted by 
the Board. 

The First Church, Greensboro, was organized 
in 1859 by Dr. John Mitchell, missionary of the 
Board. Fifteen members went into the organi- 
zation. Greensboro, with its immediate suburbs, 
now has eight churches with a total membership 
of 1,786. 



86 Christian Statesmanship 

(c) East: Eochy Mount. The First Churcli, 
Rocky Mount, was organized in 1881, with eight 
members. There are now four churches in Rocky 
Mount, all established by the Board of Missions, 
with a total membership of 877. 

The total value of church property in these 
four towns is $362,250, and the total of contribu- 
tions last year was $12,367.03, or one-fourth as 
much as was given by the Baptists of the whole 
State for State Mission work in 1913. 

State Missions a Financial Asset. 

At least two-thirds of the money that comes 
into our treasury is contributed by churches that 
were planted and fostered by the Mission Board. 
State Mission work is like an endowment fund. 
There is no institution in the land but could use 
profitably, for immediate needs, part, or all, of 
its endowment ; but it would be suicidal to pursue 
such a policy. From the endowment a perpetual 
stream flows into the treasury, and as the institu- 
tion grows and a greater income is needed, instead 
of taking the invested fund, or any part of it, to 
meet the pressing needs, a movement is put on 
foot to increase the endowment. Every church 
planted by the State Board of Missions, becomes a 
contributor to every department of our work. A 
layman, who is a fine business man,. and who has 
given much thought, time and money to State 
Missions, said recently, that the average church, 
as soon as it becomes self-sustaining, is worth, at 



Some Results of State Mission Work 87 

least an endowment of $1,000 to the denomination, 
and this endowment is added to from year to year 
as the church grows stronger. The total amount 
contributed in 1913 to Missions, Orphanage, Ed- 
ucation, Ministerial Relief, and Educational In- 
stitutions was $255,586. Two-thirds of that 
amount Avould be $170,390, or an average of $170 
per church for the thousand churches that were 
beneficiaries of the Board. At six per cent $170 
is interest on nearly $3,000. That is every 
church planted by the Board since it began work, 
is worth $3,000 in the way of endowment and the 
total amount represented by the thousand 
churches would reach $3,000,000. 

Endowment Paid Back. 

It requires considerable outlay to collect en- 
dowment, and when collected the corpus, or prin- 
cipal, cannot be used, but must be invested, and 
the interest, only, applied to current expenses. 
'Not so with State Mission funds. For several 
years past the mission churches have paid back 
into the denominational treasury each year more 
than the amount appropriated to State Missions. 
We use the principal as we go on, and, at the same 
time, create an endowment whose dividends will 
increase with each passing year. 

In the above financial exhibit, amounts paid 
for church building on mission fields, is not in- 
cluded. In 1913 the mission churches raised 
for church building purposes $46,051.17. This 



88 Christian Statesinanship 

was more than four-fiftlis of the entire amount 
raised and appropriated to State Mission work 
that year. If we leave out of the calculation 
amounts paid on pastors' salaries, and count only 
money paid for church building, and contribu- 
tions to the objects of the Convention, we will 
find that the mission fields paid back to the de- 
nomination last year every dollar given to them 
and 20 per cent for the use of the money. 

Chukch Building Fund. 

In 1910 the Woman's Auxiliary Convention, 
at the request of the State Board of Missions, 
agreed that $5,000 of the amount they contributed 
to State Missions should go to aid mission points 
in building houses of worship. During the next 
four years appropriations were made from 
this fund to forty-six houses of worship. These 
houses are scattered over the State from Jackson 
and Haywood counties in the West down to Hyde 
County in the East. The Sunbeams began the 
work of church building by giving $500 to the 
church at Asheboro, and adding another gift later 
of $250. They have aided in building two houses 
of worship, and in purchasing two more. 

The Young Woman's Auxiliary have contribu- 
ted to the building of two houses of worship and 
a parsonage in Hyde County, and also in repair- 
ing the only church building that was in the 
county when they began the work there. To aid 
in building these forty-six houses, the sum of $21,- 



Some Results of State Mission Work 89 

475 was appropriated. The aggregate value of 
these churches is something over $150,000. Ap- 
propriations were made to fifteen churches in 
1914. These are not included in the forty-six 
churches mentioned above. 

A Dozen Yeaes. 

Lest some may think that we are dealing 
altogether with ancient history, let us con- 
sider some of the results that were achieved 
during the dozen years from 1903 to 1914. 
During the twelve years there were organ- 
ized on our mission fields 150 churches, and 
the missionaries report over 20,000 baptisms. Two 
hundred and twenty houses of worship were built 
at a cost of over $250,000. l^early a hundred 
churches have become self-sustaining. Here are 
twenty-five selected almost at random from various 
sections of the State: East Henderson, Brevard, 
Andrews, Marion, Second Shelby, Pritchard Me- 
morial (Charlotte), First Concord, East Gastonia, 
Spencer, Thomasville, Green Street (High Point), 
Forest Avenue (Greensboro), Brown Memorial, 
(Winston), Mocksville, West Durham, Smithfield, 
Selma, First Rocky Mount, Washington, Laurin- 
burg, Tabernacle (IvTew Bern), Brooklyn (Wil- 
mington). The churches in the above list con- 
tributed to the objects of the Convention in 1913 
$11,609.25, which was more than a fifth of the 
entire amount raised for State Missions during 
that year. 



90 Christian Statesmanship 

Contributions of Men. 

Many of our most useful men, in this State 
and in other States, were led to Christ by the mis- 
sionaries of our Board. Among the number are 
preachers, teachers, lawyers, business men, and 
noble women not a few. The list includes our 
Orphanage manager, three seminary professors, 
several teachers in colleges and high schools, a 
goodly number of missionaries, both men and wom- 
en, at home and on the foreign field. The very effi- 
cient Corresponding Secretary of the Woman's 
Missionary Union was baptized by a missionary 
of our Board, into the membership of a little mis- 
sion church in the eastern part of the State. In 
that same section a business man, after he had 
reached middle life, was baptized by a missionary. 
Soon after joining the church he became inter- 
ested in the Orphanage at Thomasville and erected 
a house at that place. At his death it was found 
that he had bequeathed $100,000 to the Orphan- 
age, and made liberal bequests to other denomina- 
tional institutions. 

Invisible Results. 

We have been considering things that are tangi- 
ble, but much, of necessity, was omitted for lack 
of sufficient data. Let us turn briefly to the con- 
sideration of some spiritual, and, therefore invis- 
ible, but far more important, results of State Mis- 
sion work. 

It has been shovm that seventy thousand, or 



Some Results of State Mission Work 91 

more, persons have been led to Christ, and bap- 
tized into the fellowship of our churches by mis- 
sionaries of the Board. Christ left unanswered, 
the question, "What shall it profit a man if he 
gain the whole world and lose his own soul, or 
what will a man give in exchange for his soul?'' 
With these solemn words of our Lord ringing in 
our ears, we see how utterly futile it would be to 
try to compute the work of State Missions in 
terms of dollars and cents. High and holy aspi- 
rations have been kindled in the hearts of many 
under the preaching of the missionaries, and not 
a few have heard and heeded the call to enter the 
ministry. Many a community has been trans- 
formed by the influence of a mission church, and 
the preaching of a missionary. Children who 
were running wild have been brought into the 
mission Sunday School and hundreds of them 
have given their hearts to Jesus. These are a 
few of the results that cannot be put down in cold 
type, but they are kept by the Recording Angel, 
"ready to be revealed in the last time." 

Suggested Questions 

1. When did the Board begin to present tabu- 
lated reports of the work of the missionaries? 

2. Since then how many baptisms have been 
reported ? 

3. How many churches organized? 

4. How many houses of worship completed? 

5. If accurate reports had been kept from the 



92 Christian Statesmanship 

beginning, how many baptisms and bow many 
churches organized would these reports likely 
show? 

6. J^ame the six associations which lead the 
State in per capita contributions. 

7. In which association is found our greatest 
destitution ? 

8. In what year did the Tar Kiver divide? 

9. What number of churches and church mem- 
bers went into the new organization ? 

10. How many churches and church members 
did the Roanoke report in 1913? 

11. What were the contributions to the objects 
of the Convention in 1913? 

12. Since its organization in 1907 what per 
cent of increase did the Roanoke make in mem- 
bership? In contributions? 

13. What association stands next to the Roa- 
noke in point of destitution ? 

14. Can you tell something of its progress dur- 
ing the last six years? 

15. I^ame four associations in the central part 
of the State. 

16. For what is the section of the State cov- 
ered by these associations noted? 

17. Can you give some statement as to the 
work done by the State Board in this territory? 

18. What is said about the number of churches, 
number of members and amount contributed in 
these four associations? 



Some Results of State Mission Work 93 

19. How does State Missions make churches 
more efficient? 

20. Can you name some of the important towns 
in which the Board has planted churches? 

21. Can you show how State Missions is a fi- 
nancial asset? 

22. Give some account of the Church Building 
Fund. 

23. What are some of the remarkable achieve- 
ments of State Mission work during the past 
twelve years? 

24. Can you say something in regard to the 
contribution of men? 

25. What are some of the invisible results? 



CHAPTEK YII. 
THE TASK BEFORE US 

There are very few, if any, wlio will deny ttiat 
there was a great field for State Mission work 
when the Convention was organized, and all the 
years since; but one is found occasionally who 
asks if the State Board has not accomplished all 
for which it was brought into being. In other 
words, is not North Carolina so well evangelized, 
that further outlay on mission work in this State, 
is unnecessary? Those who hold this view con- 
tend that with a total membership of over 400,000 
when our total population is only a little over 
2,000,000 ; or with a white Baptist membership of 
250,000 in a white population of 1,500,511, there 
can be but little destitution, so far as Baptists are 
concerned. 

Two things must be said in this connection: 
One is that while we have 250,000 white Baptists 
in the State, they are not equally distributed. In 
the West our numerical strength is very great, 
while in the East, we are few in number. In the 
West development is the chief need, while in the 
East it is evangelization. The other thing to be 
considered is the fact that ISTorth Carolina is not 
standing still, it is going forward rapidly. If 
everything was fixed and finished, and no change 
was to be expected in the State, with some show 
of reason we might argue that there is no further 



The Task Before Us 95 

need for the work of State Missions. Our State 
is making rapid development and everything 
seems to indicate that, in material progress, ^Hhe 
best is yet to be." 

Grov^th of Population. 

In 1900 the total population was 1,893,810. 
The last census gave us 2,206,287. To place the 
present population at 2,350,000, would be a con- 
servative estimate. It is altogether reasonable 
to suppose that the next decade will show a much 
larger percentage of growth than the last. There 
is a congestion of population in the old world, 
and over a million a year are coming to this coun- 
try. Many sections of our country are becom- 
ing densely populated, and the newcomers will 
naturally turn to the more sparsely settled states, 
to find homes. As yet, we have abundant room 
in North Carolina, there being only forty-five peo- 
ple to the square mile. 'Ng'w Jersey, with one- 
seventh of our area, has 300,000 more people 
than I^orth Carolina. If the population of this 
State was as dense as that of ISTew Jersey, we 
would have 15,000,000 people, or one-sixth as 
many as the population of the United States. 

The Panama Canal, which, as some one has 
said, "divides a continent, but unites a world," is 
open to commerce. This gateway of the seas 
will turn a stream of immigration to the South, 
and Korth Carolina may prepare for her full 
ahare. A glance at the progress we have made 



96 Christian Statesmanship 

during the last decade, will indicate some of the 
attractions offered by our State to the home-seek- 
ers from the Old World. 

Agricultural Development. 

As 85 per cent of our people live in the coun- 
try, agriculture is, and for a long time is destined 
to be, our chief occupation. 

The total value of farm products in 1900 was 
$53,214,000; and in 1913, $200,533,640, an in- 
crease of $147,319,640, or 275 per cent. We are 
not confining our agricultural operations to a few 
crops, but are diversifying, which is a great advan- 
tage, and makes the farmers much more independ- 
ent. The value of farm property, including land 
and buildings, in 1900 was $233,834,693, and in 
1910, $537,716,210; per cent of increase, 130. 

Our agricultural possibilities are beyond the 
dreams of the most optimistic. There are in the 
State 31,193,600 acres of land. Of this land 
22,439,129 acres are available for agricultural 
purposes, and are divided up into 253,725 farms. 
Of the available farm land only 8,813,056 acres 
are improved, leaving 13,266,076 (60 per cent) un- 
improved. If this unimproved land is brought into 
requisition, and made as productive as the land 
now being cultivated, we can more than double 
our rural population. Then if the whole is made 
twice as productive as it now is, and this can eaa- 
ily be done when intensive methods of cultivation 
prevail all over the State, we can double our num- 



The Task Before Us 97 

bers again, or quadruple our present rural popu- 
lation, which is 1,830,000. Four times that num- 
ber would be 7,320,000. This is what we must 
prepare for in planning our State Mission work. 

Industrial Progress. 

In 1900 the manufactured products of the State 
were worth $85,274,083, while the latest available 
figures, which were published in 1904, show that 
the value of the manufactured products had in- 
creased to $142,520,776, a gain of 69 per cent in 
four years. 

We are but in the beginning of our manufac- 
turing industry in JNTorth Carolina. We have a 
great variety of wood for our wood-working facto- 
ries, and the cotton mills are standing hard by the 
fields white with the raw material. Within the 
last few years we have begun to develop cheap 
and satisfactory power for turning the wheels of 
our machinery. 

In the Manufacturers' Record of a few weeks 
ago there appeared a very informing article, 
written from Charlotte, [N^orth Carolina, on "Hy- 
dro-Electric Developments." 

Yery few of those who live in this highly fa- 
vored section, have any conception of the magni- 
tude of this development, or of what it means to 
the industrial life of the region through which the 
lines pass. Here is a sentence from this luminous 
article which gives, in a nutshell, the sections of 

7 



98 Christian Statesmanship 

the South that are to be transformed in the very 
near future by the use of electricity : 

"Cheap and always available water-power has 
come to the South with almost the suddenness of 
a spring freshet, and at this moment all the Appa- 
lachian region between the northern border of 
North Carolina and Southern Georgia, from East- 
ern Carolina to l^Tashville, and between Bristol 
and Birmingham on the western side of the moun- 
tains, is connected up with a network of trans- 
mission lines that practically gives to every part 
of the territory the benefit of the entire available 
power of every big development made in the 
South." 

Trajstsforming the Piedmont. 

By a sort of interlocking system, the power of 
one plant is available for another. "Where trans- 
mission lines of one company end those of another 
begin, so that by arrangement of meters and 
switching apparatus a mutual exchange of power 
is obtained throughout a territory greater than 
l^ew England." 

In an air-line the service covers a territory 550 
miles long, and from 100 to 250 miles wide. 
"Half a dozen lines are so connected up that all 
this territory is mutually served, presenting a sit- 
uation unparalleled in the world. JSTowhere else is 
it possible to secure anything approaching such 
an interchange of electric energy, and nowhere 
else is there found such a situation as in the phe- 
nomenally watered Appalachian range." This 



The Task Before Us 99 

extensive development of hydro-electric power 
lias been in progress only since 1906. 

IN^ORTH Carolina at the Heart of Things. 

lN"ortli Carolina is tlie center of this activity 
and JSTorth Carolina men — the Dukes, of Durham 
— were the pioneers in this marvelous develop- 
ment. Beginning in 1906, the company has cov- 
ered the Piedmont section of the Carolinas, mov- 
ing the wheels of factories, furnishing the power 
for railways — city and inter-urban — and flood- 
ing all this section with light, giving to it the 
appearance of a great city illuminated for some 
festive occasion. From Tallulah Falls, Georgia, 
to Raleigh, l^orth Carolina, a distance of 380 
miles, the wires of this company reach. Count- 
ing all the side-lines the total is 1,600 miles. The 
company has 98,000 horsepower developed at 
four stations and is putting in a 30,000 horse- 
power plant at Statesville, IsTorth Carolina. The 
Southern ties on to the Yadkin River Power Com- 
pany lines near Raleigh. This company which, 
with the Carolina Light and Power Company, cov- 
ers a large section of Eastern l^orth Carolina, has 
a water-power development of 24,000 horsepower 
at Blewetts Falls, J^orth Carolina. 

A line of railway has been begun which is to 
reach from Greenwood, South Carolina, to Dur- 
ham, l^orth Carolina, a distance of 320 miles. 
Two hundred miles of this road will run through 
ITorth Carolina, and it is being rapidly pushed to 



100 Christian Statesmanship 

completion. Remember all this has been accom- 
plished since 1906. Who is bold enough to proph- 
esy what the future will be ? 

Up to this time the total amount of hydro- 
electric power developed in the South reaches 
500,000 horsepower, and these plants can be en- 
larged to run the total up to 874,900 ; this covers 
seven states, and 325,300 horsepower, — more than 
one-third of the whole — is right here in JN^orth 
Carolina. 

The above figures prove, beyond all question, 
that we are in the dawn of an industrial day the 
like of which was never known in the South, and 
ISTorth Carolina stands at the head of the column. 

Religious Outlook. 

The material development of the State has been 
considered at length, because it has a very distinct 
bearing upon the religious life of the common- 
wealth. The weekly story of progress in the 
Manufacturers' Record, is a mighty plea for State 
Missions, for whether this marvelous prosperity is 
to be a blessing will depend altogether upon the 
direction given to it. If we consecrate our wealth 
to the Giver of it all, it will become a great bless- 
ing; but if in our quest for mammon we fail to 
secure "the gold tried in the fire," it were better 
that we remain in poverty. It is of first impor- 
tance, therefore, that we consider carefully our re- 
ligious condition, and do our utmost to improve it. 



The Task Before Us 101 

The East. 

Our greatest destitution is in the East. There 
are twenty counties in the East, covered almost 
wholly, by the Roanoke and JSTeuse-Atlantic Asso- 
ciations. The population of these twenty counties 
in 1900 was 355,547, and in 1910, 399,511. If 
the same ratio of increase has been maintained, we 
have in these twenty counties now, 425,095, of 
whom 194,987 are white and 166,144 are colored. 

In discussing the religious condition of the 
State we shall deal with the white race only, as 
our colored brethren are doing their own mission 
work and, all things considered, doing it remark- 
ably well. As all our effort is directed to work 
among the white people, the only accurate method 
of determining our progress, or lack of progress, 
is to consider the white race apart from our col- 
ored brethren. 

If we take the State as a whole, one white per- 
son in every six is a Baptist ; while in the twenty 
counties we are considering in the East, only one 
white person out of every thirty-eight is a Baptist. 
That is, so far as Baptists are concerned, the desti- 
tution in the twenty eastern counties is more than 
six times as great as it is in the State at large. 
Kor is this deplorable condition confined to the 
Baptists alone, in many parts of this section the 
religious destitution is great. Many of the pro- 
gressive citizens of the East belong to no 
church at all. One of our missionaries in that 



102 Christian Statesmanship 

section says that often lialf his congregation are 
not professing Christians. While there are more 
than a score of different denominations at work, 
each with its following, the masses of the people 
are not Christians and not church members. 

If any one is discouraged about the work in the 
East, and feels that the denomination is receiving 
but meagre returns for the outlay it is making, he 
is advised to see the progress made by the Roa- 
noke and JSTeuse- Atlantic Associations, as set forth 
in the preceding chapter. 

Other Portions of the State. 

In the Piedmont section the mission churches 
seem to have caught the spirit of progress which 
is doing so much for the material development of 
that highly favored region. This is the supreme 
hour, the golden opportunity, for planting our 
cause in that rich and rapidly developing territory. 

In the West we have the numbers, and they hold 
tenaciously to the Truth, as we Baptists interpret 
it. The mountain region is filled with strong, 
sturdy people, who have not been drawn into the 
current of commercialism. They live and love 
the simple life. But things are changing; and in 
a short time there will be a great industrial awak- 
ening in the West. It will be necessary to keep 
the religious life of that section abreast of the 
progress in material things. 



The Task Before Us 103 

The State as a Whole. 

Only 40 per cent of our people are Christians, 
leaving 60 per cent unevangelized. It is true that 
many of these are children, who have not yet 
reached the years of responsibility; but are we 
to take no account of these children ? Every year 
thousands of them are crossing the line of account- 
ability, and we should throw around them all the 
Christian influence possible, in order to bring 
them into the Kingdom. But leaving the children 
out, nearly half of the adult population are not 
Christians. 

According to the last census report in seven 
states in the Union Roman Catholics made a 
greater percentage of gain than Protestants, and 
North Carolina is one of these seven states. There 
are only four states in which the percentage of 
gain in church membership was not as great as 
the percentage of increase in population. These 
four states are Utah, 'New Mexico, Florida and 
IN'orth Carolina. During the last two decades the 
gain in population was 36.6 per cent, while the 
gain in church membership was 28 per cent. The 
white Baptists of the State gained 50 per cent 
while the gain made by all the others was 20 per 
cent. The religious census was taken in 1890 and 
1906, covering a period of sixteen years. For 
this reason the past two decades are taken. 

The diagram below will indicate the religious 
condition of the State. The solid black shows the 
non-Christian and the white, the Christian popu- 



104 Christian Statesmanship 

lation. The checked space may serve to show 
what the white Baptists of I^orth Carolina did 
in preventing further encroachment upon the white 
space. 

Had the Baptists gained no greater per cent 
than the others, the solid black would have cov- 
ered the checked space, and the white would have 




been reduced by that much. This greater gain on 
the part of the Baptists is due, chiefly, to their ag- 
gressive State Mission policy. 

Intensive Cultivation. 

Our agricultural progress in the State, is the 
result of intensive cultivation. On land that pro- 
duced a half-bale of cotton per acre ten years ago, 



The Task Before Us 105 

we are now raising from a bale, to two bales per 
acre, while we produce from twenty-five to a hun- 
dred and fifty bushels of corn per acre. 

In our State Mission work we have reached the 
time for intensive cultivation. There were seven 
towns in the State, according to the last census, 
that had over 10,000 population. These were 
Charlotte 34,014, Wilmington 25,748, Kaleigh, 19,- 
218, Asheville 18,762, Durham 18,241, Winstou 
17,167, and Greensboro 15,895. 

In 1880 Wilmington was the only town in the 
State with a population of 10,000, and Raleigh 
and Wilmington were the only places with more 
than one Baptist Church, except in two small 
towns, in each of which unfortunate local condi- 
tions led to the organization of a second church. 
Asheville, Greensboro, Durham and Winston were 
little towns with populations ranging from 2,000 
to 2,500. 

The rapid growth of many towns, has made it 
necessary for the Board to go back to them and 
plant new churches. There are now forty-one 
towns with from two to six churches each, and all 
these churches, with few exceptions, were planted 
by the State Board of Missions. The construc- 
tion of railroads and the building of industrial 
plants of various kinds, is opening up new terri- 
tory which our Board must occupy. 

The intensive system of farming is more expen- 
sive than the old method, as it requires much more 
fertilizer, but the greater cost is more than offset 



106 



Christian Statesmanship 



by the increased yield. So while we are expend- 
ing more money in State Mission work, and will 
be compelled to enlarge our appropriations still 
more, as we cultivate more intensively, it should 
not be forgotten that State Missions is our invested 
capital, and the increased contributions from the 
mission churches, will more than repay us for the 
enlarged expenditure. 




A glance at this diagram is sufficient to impress 
any one with the fearful responsibility of the Bap- 
tists and Methodists (especially the Baptists) for 
the future of our State religiously, and for the re- 
ligious future of the world, so far as this State 
has to do with it. 

The challenge to the Christian people of !N"orth 



The Task Before Us 107 

Carolina, is the task of keeping tlie religious prog- 
ress of the State abreast of our material develop- 
ment. To meet this challenge successfully will 
require heroic effort on our part. There is in it 
both inspiration and warning. Inspiration be- 
cause of the unprecedented opportunity to lay our 
commonwealth at the feet of the Redeemer; warn- 
ing because of the unspeakable disaster that will 
certainly follow if we should fail. Our greatest 
peril is our prosperity. We must gird ourselves 
for the mighty conflict. 

Suggested Qi^estions 

1. What two things are stated as making State 
Mission work still necessary in E^orth Carolina ? 

2. What is the present population of the State? 

3. How does the density of the population of 
JSTorth Carolina compare with that of 'New 
Jersey ? 

4. Can you tell something of the agricultural 
development of the State? 

5. When was the development of hydro-electric 
power begun? 

6. How do the several electric power companies 
aid each other? 

7. What territory is covered by these coopera- 
tive companies? 

8. When was the development of this power be- 
gun? 

9. As to present and possible development of 
power, where does ITorth Carolina stand in the 
list of seven states? 



108 Christian Statesmanship 

10. What do these figures show? 

11. What about religious conditions in the 
East? 

12. How does the East compare with the State 
as a whole? 

13. What are the needs in other sections of the 
State ? 

14. What about the State as a whole? 

15. What is said about intensive cultivation? 

16. How many and what cities in the State 
have a population of over 10,000 ? 

17. Which was the only town in the State thirty 
years ago with a population of 10,000 ? 

18. How many, and which, towns in the State 
thirty years ago had as many as two Baptist 
churches ? 

19. How many towns in the State now have 
from two to six Baptist churches? 

20. How many of these churches were planted 
by the Board? 

21. What is the challenge to the Christian peo- 
ple of the State? 

22. Why does this challenge come with peculiar 
force to the Baptists of the State? 



CHAPTEK VIII. 

OUR MISSION WHEEL* 

"Ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem and 
all Judea, and in Samaria and to the uttermost parts of 
the earth. "—Acts 1:8. 




This is a pictorial age, and much that we learn 
comes to us through the eye. Events of interest 
are so fully and accurately illustrated, that you 
can get a pretty fair idea of the story without 
reading a word, simply by looking at the pictures. 



* This chapter is the substance of an address delivered by the author 
at several associations in 1913. It is published here because a large 
majority of those who will read this little book did not hear the 
address, to which much thought was given in the hope that some 
might be led to see more clearly the relation that the different depart- 
ments of our mission work sustain to each other. 



110 Christian Statesmanship 

The daily papers carry pictures of persons and 
places about whom and which the public, for any 
special reason, is interested. 

The picture of a wheel is here presented to 
illustrate the several departments of mission 
work, and the relation of each to the others. 

The Spindle. 

The wheel revolves around the spindle, which 
passes through the center of the hub. The spin- 
dle represents the local church, around which all 
our mission work revolves. There is no other 
denomination which puts the emphasis on the 
local church so strongly as the Baptists do. We 
have no series of ecclesiastical courts or councils, 
reaching from the local church up to the South- 
ern Baptist Convention. The local church is the 
unit of organization. It transacts its own affairs, 
and from its decisions there is no appeal. Each 
Baptist church is a little republic, responsible 
alone to Christ, its only recognized authority. Our 
terminology teaches this doctrine. We speak of 
the Baptist denomination but not of the Baptist 
Church. It is to be feared, however, that some 
of our people are forgetting the language of Zion, 
for it is not strange nowadays to read in Baptist 
papers and hear from Baptist pulpits, our de- 
nomination referred to as "The Baptist Church." 
Dr. Broadus was accustomed to warn his students 
against the use of that expression on the ground 
that it is inconsistent with the independence of 



Our Mission Wheel 111 

the local churcli, a principle for wliich Baptists 
have always stood. 

The Hub. 

In the hub of the wheel we have an illustra- 
tion of State Missions. In the construction of a 
wheel, the wheelwright always begins with the 
hub. One would as well try to build a house by 
beginning with the roof, as to attempt the con- 
struction of a wheel by beginning with the rim 
or spokes. 

So in the program of missions laid out by our 
Lord, Jerusalem, the local church, and Judea, the 
State, are the beginning points. In the circular 
letter sent out to the churches just after the or- 
ganization of the Convention, this paragraph is 
found: ^^A wish has prevailed to some extent, 
and it is believed to be neither an unreasonable 
or uncharitable one, to see Baptist churches in 
many places where they are not now; and to see 
all under the superintendence of a faithful and 
successful ministry. * * * From this state- 
ment it is manifest that, although the object is 
of a strictly missionary nature, yet it differs from 
missions in general in this, that it is literally a 
home concern; it is a State enterprise, in which 
the welfare and reputation of the State are in- 
volved, and in which many individuals are per- 
sonally and deeply interested." It must not be 
supposed, however, that these fathers were narrow 
in their conceptions, or restricted in their plans. 



112 Christian Statesmanship 

The following clause from the constitution of the 
Convention, shows that such was not the case : 
"The primary object of this Convention shall be 
the education of young men called of God to the 
ministry, the employment of missionaries within 
the limits of the State, and cooperation with the 
Baptist General Convention of the United States, 
in the promotion of missions in general." In 
this article they committed themselves to the 
policy of promoting the interests of missions 
abroad as well as at home. 

Here are some figures which indicate something 
of the growth of our denomination. In 1830, 
when the Convention was organized there were 
14 associations, 272 churches and 15,360 mem- 
bers, white and colored. There are now 64 asso- 
ciations, 2,058 churches, and 246,208 white Bap- 
tists. The number of white and colored Baptists 
is something over 400,000. This marvelous 
growth is to be attributed chiefly to State Mis- 
sions, for that was the beginning of organized, 
aggressive mission work in the State. The policy 
of the fathers has been completely vindicated, as 
to its wisdom. If it seemed, at the time, a policy 
of provincialism, the outcome and influence of it 
have been world-wide. 

There is more of the denominational spirit, 
more of Baptist consciousness, if you please, in 
State Missions, than in any other department of 
our work. State Missions has much to do with 
shaping the denominational policy of any State. 



Our Mission Wheel 113 

In State Missions every part of the State is in- 
terested. All our mission interests center in State 
Missions and radiate from it. The work of State 
Missions appeals to our patriotism, and as Dr. 
Gambrell says, "the right sort of patriotism is 
the very next thing to religion itself; indeed it 
is the function of Christianity to create and grow 
the proper patriotism in any land where it is 
propagated." 

The hub is nearer the spindle than any other 
part of the wheel. Indeed the hub is in direct 
touch with the spindle. So State Missions comes 
closer to the churches than any other department 
of mission work. 

Rev. J. F. Love, D.D., Home Secretary of the 
Foreign Mission Board, said, some time ago, that 
the pastor is the key man in our mission work, be- 
cause he is the leader of the local church, and the 
local church is the most vital and important point 
of contact. ISText to the pastor stands the State 
Secretary, because he is closer to the pastor and 
the local church, than any other of our general 
representatives. The State Board and the State 
Secretary stand next to the pastors and the 
churches and between these and the general 
boards and their secretaries. The State Board is 
the creature of the churches, in a closer and more 
real sense, than the Home and Foreign Boards; 
and the work of State Missions is more directly 
under the control of the churches than is the 
work of Home and Foreign Missions. The Cor- 
8 



114 Christian Statesmanship 

responding Secretary of the Convention is elected 
by the Convention, and is amenable directly to 
the Convention. Recently, in a conversation 
with the author, Rev. J. B. Gambrell, D.D., said: 
^'So long as we keep close to the people we are on 
safe ground : but should we begin to drift from the 
local churches perils will beset us on every side. 
We will get wrong notions of Baptist polity, and 
our institutions will become lax in their doctrinal 
views, just in proportion as the local churches and 
these institutions drift apart." Some are of the 
opinion that it would be well worth while to main- 
tain our State Boards of Missions, if for no other 
purpose than to knit together our churches and 
our general denominational enterprises and in- 
stitutions. 

The Spokes. 

In the spokes of the wheel we find a good rep- 
resentation of Home Missions. The spokes bridge 
the distance between the hub and the rim. If the 
hub were solid clear out to the rim, it would 
make the wheel heavy and cumbersome. But the 
space between the spokes causes the wheel to be 
much lighter and more easily handled. 

The State Board covers a smaller area than 
that covered by the Home Board, but it is more 
thoroughly and intensively cultivated. In several 
states there is destitution with which the State 
Boards are not able to cope. The Board of no 
single State, however, would feel under obliga- 
tion to do this work. The Home Board is doing 



Our Mission Wheel 115 

evangelistic work in Panama and Cuba, and 
among the IvTegroes and Indians of the South. It 
is also aiding the Mountain Schools. ISTo State 
Board could do this work directly, but it can do 
it indirectly, through the Home Board. As the 
spokes fit into the hub, so the work of Home Mis- 
sions fits into that which is being done by the 
several State Boards. 

The Kim. 

As the rim describes the largest circle, and is 
most distant from the hub, it fitly represents 
Foreign Missions, the ^^uttermost part'' in the pro- 
gram. Foreign Missions is the far away part of 
our mission enterprise, the outer rim of the wheel. 
There is, however, a very vital relation between 
the hub and the rim, between State Missions and 
Foreign Missions. Through the work of State 
Missions churches are planted, which grow to be 
self-sustaining, and become liberal contributors to 
Foreign Missions. 

When Kev. R. T. Bryan, D.D., was canvassing 
for the Judson Memorial Fund, he visited, on his 
first trip. Mount Airy, Winston, G-reensboro and 
High Point. The response given to his appeal by 
the churches in these four towns, convinced him 
that the Judson Memorial Movement would suc- 
ceed. They contributed $15,000 to this fund. 
Every church in each of these places was planted 
by the State Board of Missions. This should re- 
move from the minds of any one who entertains it, 



116 Christian Statesmanship 

the false notion that the work of State Missions is 
narrow and provincial. The spokes are fixed in 
the hub, and the rim rests on the spokes. When 
a dollar is thrown into the State Mission treasury 
its influence encircles the world. 

The Tire.* 

The tire, and the iron bands around the hub, 
can appropriately stand for the authority of Jesus 
Christ. These hold the wheel together. A loose 
tiro means a wrecked wheel. The sand gets be- 
tween the tire and felloes and cuts into the wood. 
The tire is not injured, but the felloes are. If 
the bands on the hub become loose and are allowed 
to remain in that condition they fall off after 
awhile, and the wheel "caves in." 

Around all this mission work, binding it to- 
gether, should be the authority of Jesus Christ. 
Recognition of his authority will call forth from 
us loyalty to Him and His word. The tire on a 
wheel is much harder to keep tight than the bands 
on a hub. This is true because the circumferance 
is so much larger, and the wheel, being made up 
of several parts, is more complex than the hub. 
So it is easier to hold the State to the authority 
of Christ than it is the whole South. We have 
come upon a day when we need to put tremendous 
emphasis upon the doctrine of loyalty to Christ. 
Some one has well said that "we need to re-key 
the world to the authority of Christ." 

*For this important suggestion the author acknowledges his indebt- 
edness to Rev. J. M. Frost, D.D. 



Our Mission Wheel 117 

It Takes All Parts to Make a Wheel. 

As it takes all parts to make a wheel, so all 
departments of our work are necessary to a com- 
plete symmetrical whole. This is no arbitrary 
division, worked out by some mission enthusiast, 
but is the divine program, instituted by our Lord 
himself. Each part is dependent upon the others. 
It would be well if we could always consider our 
mission work as a whole. It is all one work, and 
any man who is sincerely and earnestly giving 
his life to the fostering of any department of our 
mission work, is helping on the Kingdom. We 
have the division into departments only as a mat- 
ter of convenience, and any man who is not deeply 
interested in the other departments, as well as the 
one for which he is directly responsible, shows 
himself to be unfit for the position he holds. 

Should Be Peoper Proportion". 

In order that a wheel may render its best ser- 
vice it must be so constructed that each part will 
bear the proper proportion to the other parts. A 
wheel with the spokes and rim sufficiently large 
for a log cart, but with the hub of a buggy wheel, 
would be of little service; and of equally little 
service would be a wheel with a hub sufficiently 
large for a cart, while the spokes and rim were 
small enough for a buggy. So there should be 
symmetry in our mission work. The parts should 
be kept in the right proportion. Lopsidedness will 
ultimately result in collapse. State Mission 



118 



Christian Statesmanship 



Secretaries are sometimes considered provincial in 
their interests and sympatliies, because they press, 
with all the energy and earnestness of their na- 
tures, the work of State Missions. This is a great 
mistake. There is not a State Secretary in the 
South who does not possess a world vision. 

We hear much about the reflex influence of 
Foreign Missions on State Missions, but we must 
not foget the direct influence of State Missions on 
Foreign Missions and every other department of 
our work. So far as the finances of the Kingdom 
are concerned. State Missions has the primacy. It 
is our base of supplies, our invested capital. 

The statement was made in the first chapter 
that the mission awakening just at the close of the 
eighteenth century was due to the going out of 
William Carey as a Foreign Missionary; but it 
was also stated that before the churches at home 
could be brought to support Foreign Missions, it 
was necessary to do some aggressive State Mission 
work in order to form an adequate base of sup- 
plies. We have here the reflex influence of For- 
eign Missions and the direct influence of State 
Missions. 

He mistakes the whole purpose of State Mission 
work who thinks that it means the building up of 
the cause in one State, and only that. It does 
mean that, but infinitely more. In supporting the 
work of State Missions in l^orth Carolina, we are 
reaching the foreign fields by way of N'orth Caro- 
lina, and at the same time, we are bringing a great 
blessing to our own. beloved State. 



Our Mission Wheel 119 

A Closing Woed. 

In doing mission work, State, Home and For- 
eign, there are two things we should ever keep in 
mind. 

1. It should all be done for the glory of God. 
It is necessary to have means for carrying on our 
mission work. All the Boards are forced to bor- 
row money to pay the missionaries their salaries. 
Appeals are often made for contributions in order 
that the Boards may be able to meet their obliga- 
tions to the banks, or that the missionaries and 
their families may be clothed and fed. These are 
strong appeals, but they do not present the high- 
est motive for giving money to missions. The 
danger is that we shall have as our chief concern 
in contributing to missions, the saving of our de- 
nominational credit, or providing for the temporal 
wants of our missionaries, when the true motive 
should be the glory of God in the salvation of 
souls and the advancement of His Kingdom. The 
chief motive in contributing to missions then, is 
not to pay debts, but to enthrone Jesus Christ in 
the hearts of men, and to hasten the coming of 
the day when He shall be crowned Lord of all. 

2. The other important thing to be kept in 
mind is the supreme fact that we can have 
no success in this great work without the blessing 
of God, and His blessing can only be secured by 
earnest prayer. In this materialistic age when, 
in the minds of men, money has come to be almost 
omnipotent, we must not forget that there is a 



120 Christian Statesmanship 

spiritual side to this God-given enterprise, and 
that money can only be used successfully when it 
has upon it the blessing of God. The Lord has 
linked together, in the great missionary enter- 
prise, human impotence and divine omnipotence. 
"All authority is given unto me, .... go ye .... 
and lo, I am with you." The Lord commended 
Cornelius for having the right conception of his 
relation to God and to the money which God had 
given him. God said to him : "Cornelius, thy 
prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remem- 
brance in the sight of God." While we should 
give a great deal more money than we are giving, 
our prayers must go up with our gifts, before we 
can expect the blessing of God upon our efforts, 
and without His blessing we are foredoomed to 
failure. 

In his latest book Dr. McAfee says : "It is the 
business of homiletics not to damn money, but to 
keep that same money from damning people, and 
to make it an instrument of salvation." 

From every pulpit within the borders of our 
State the doctrine of stewardship should be ear- 
nestly preached: "Ye cannot serve God and 
mammon" was never more appropriate, as a text 
anywhere, or at any time, than it is in ITorth 
Carolina at this time. 

If we use the prosperity with which God is 
so richly blessing us, in promoting the interests 
of His Kingdom, we shall invest it where it will 
be eternally safe. 



Our Mission Wheel 121 

Suggested Questions 

1. How many departments of mission work 
have we? 

2. J^ame them. 

3. What simple illustration is used in this chap- 
ter to show the relation that each department 
sustains to the others? 

4. What part of the wheel represents State 
Missions ? 

5. In what respects is State Missions like the 
hub? 

6. What do the spokes represent? Why? 

7. What is represented by the rim? Why? 

8. What may the tire be used to represent? 

9. What does it take to make a complete wheel? 

10. What is necessary to make a serviceable 
wheel ? 

11. How does this apply to mission work? 

12. What are the two things that we should 
ever keep in mind about our mission work? 



CHAPTER IX. 

APPEAL TO PATRIOTISM 

The preceding chapters have had to do with 
State Missions as it relates to the religious wel- 
fare of the State. The emphasis was placed on 
the religious because of its paramount impor- 
tance. 

Christian Statesmanship is the highest kind of 
statesmanship, and if it dealt only with religious 
matters that would be true. "Happy is that peo- 
ple whose God is the Lord." That is true if ap- 
plied to the people of a state as well as of a na- 
tion. Christianity appeals to the highest and 
best in men, and leads to spiritual prosperity 
which, after all, is the only real and lasting pros- 
perity. For that reason, all that has gone before, 
in this little book, has borne upon the religious 
aspect of the case, and the task of State Missions 
was said to consist in keeping the religious prog- 
ress of the State abreast of its material develop- 
ment. 

While all that is true, it is also true that a 
healthy spiritual condition promotes the moral, 
social and material prosperity of any community. 
The challenge to keep the spiritual up to the ma- 
terial, does not mean at all that the material is to 
be checked. On the contrary, as has been stated, 
and as will be proven by concrete examples, the 



Appeal to Patriotism 123 

material interests are greatly stimulated by the 
spiritual or religious influences that exist in any 
community. 

It may be well, therefore, to close this book with 
a short chapter setting forth some of the advan- 
tages that a state derives in a material way, from 
the work of State Missions. Indeed, along any 
line that Christian influence moves, in any chan- 
nel through which it operates, it makes its power 
felt upon the state, and makes its contribution un- 
selfishly, without any financial support from the 
state. This is according to God's eternal decree : 
"Righteousness exalteth a nation." Righteous- 
ness exalts a state as well as a nation. 

In this practical age facts count for more than 
theory. For that reason a few examples will be 
given in proof of the proposition just made. These 
concrete examples will be taken from different 
sections of our own State, and can be verified by 
those who live in the several sections referred to. 

Law and Order. 

The work of State Missions promotes law and 
order. At the Mitchell County (now Roan Moun- 
tain) Association which was held in the town of 
Bakersville some years ago, Judge Jeter C. 
Pritchard was present and delivered an address. 
In the course of his remarks he paid a very high 
tribute to the churches and preachers as aids in 
enforcing law by causing the citizens of any com- 
munity to respect the law. He said the churches 



124 Christian Statesmanship 

in any community were wortli more as promoters 
of peace and in preventing infractions of the law 
tlian all tlie judges, lawyers, courthouses, jails, 
and chain-gangs in the country. He said further : 
"If it were not for the influence of the preachers 
and the churches, all courts in the State, both 
State and Federal, might run every day in the 
year, Sunday included, and they could not keep 
up with the crime." This is not the language of 
a preacher, but of a lawyer who speaks judicially, 
and is accustomed to weigh his words. If this 
statement be true, (and no one will likely deny 
it), it will be readily seen what a great service 
Christianity is rendering the State, without 
money and without price. 

It follows that, as State Missions is the agency 
through which we plant churches in communities 
where there are none, in the work of State Mis- 
sions we are aiding the State in the important 
matter of law enforcement. There is this very 
marked and important difference, however: the 
fear of the law may deter the criminal from the 
commission of crime, while the grace of God 
cures the criminal so that he has no desire to com- 
mit crime. The law may force obedience, while 
the criminal at heart is a criminal still, and only 
abstains from the violation of law through fear of 
punishment. Christianity, on the other hand, 
leads one who was once a criminal to render cheer- 
ful obedience to the law, by creating within him 
a new heart. 



Appeal to Patriotism 125 

Moral Uplift. 

Some time ago tlie author was sitting beside a 
preacher on a railway train, as it was pulling into 
a western town. The preacher pointed to a sec- 
tion in which there was every mark of thrift. He 
said when he was pastor in the town the commu- 
nity to which he had pointed, was a disreputable 
section. He rented a hall and prepared to open 
a mission Sunday School. He sent a force of his 
workers on Sunday afternoon to organize the 
school and begin work. A mob of lawless charac- 
ters surrounded the house and kept up so much 
noise that the church people were forced to re- 
tire. The next Sunday afternoon the preacher 
went with his workers. The mob was on hand, 
but they met a situation upon v/hich they had not 
counted. The preacher made a short talk in which 
he told those who had gathered to break up the 
meeting, that they were there to begin a work for 
the good of the community. He said he hoped 
there would be no attempt to disturb the meeting, 
but warned those present that if such an attempt 
should be made, he would call on the police force 
to arrest and punish the disturbers of the worship. 
All was quiet after that. The school grew, and 
the interest deepened. The preacher preached 
once a month in the afternoon, and in a few 
months held a meeting which lasted two weeks. 
The Spirit of God came down upon the commu- 
nity and scores professed religion. The commu- 
nity was so completely transformed that it be- 



126 Christian Statesmanship 

came a very desirable residential section. The at- 
mosphere was so changed that those who were 
not willing to give up their lives of sin moved out 
to some more congenial clime. Thus by the 
preaching of the Gospel at a mission point a 
plague spot was removed from the city. 

An Eastern Community. 

Some have heard this story, but they will 
pardon its introduction here, as an appropriate 
illustration of the transforming power of God's 
grace. This incident was related to the writer 
by a former Corresponding Secretary. 

About fifteen years ago a missionary of the 
Board was sent to a community in the East, in 
which there was no church of any denomination, 
and no preaching of any kind. The preacher be- 
gan to enquire as to a suitable place in which to 
hold public worship. The owner of a whiskey 
still, in a bantering way, offered his premises as a 
central and convenient place. To his surprise the 
preacher accepted his invitation, and announced 
that he would preach there at eleven o'clock the 
following Sunday. The people came from far 
and near prompted for the most part, no doubt, 
by the novelty of the situation. The missionary 
spent a good part of Saturday night in prayer. 
He preached with unusual unction, and the con- 
gregation was moved mightily by the spirit of 
God. An invitation was given for any to come 
forward who desired an interest in the preacher's 



Appeal to Patriotism 127 

prayers. A large number responded. The 
preacher asked the owner of the still for permis- 
sion to continue the meeting through the following 
week, and reluctant consent was given. 

Before the meeting closed many professed re- 
ligion, among whom was the distiller. A church 
was organized, the still was destroyed, and a neat 
little church was erected upon its ruins. The 
former distiller is an active member of his church 
and a faithful attendant upon the sessions of his 
association. The den of vice gave place to a tem- 
ple for the worship of God, and that State Mis- 
sionary was the instrument for bringing about 
the moral renovation of that community. 

Material Prosperity Advanced. 

In the central portion of the State there is a 
community (well known to the author, as one of 
the churches on his first field was in that com- 
munity) which is a striking demonstration of the 
value of State Mission work in the material devel- 
opment of any section. This story was told by 
one who had lived in that neighborhood in the 
days of lawlessness, and who had seen it trans- 
formed by the power of the Gospel. There are 
many other living witnesses. 

There was not a church or a Sunday School 
within six miles. The people, as a rule, were law- 
less, and spent the Sabbath in racing horses, 
drinking whiskey and playing cards. One of the 
oldest citizens of the community said that if the 



128 Christian Statesmanship 

number of men known to have been killed in that 
community could have been gathered at the same 
time, a dead body might have been placed by ev- 
ery mile-stone between that neighborhood and the 
little town twenty miles away to which the publie 
road led. Land brought, when it could be sold 
at all, from five to ten dollars per acre. 

A few citizens from a neighboring county, at- 
tracted by the cheap land, bought farms and set- 
tled upon them. These good people had been ac- 
customed to attend church and Sunday School 
They were not willing to rear children under 
conditions that then existed. They built a brush 
arbor in the spring time, and passed the word 
throughout the community that on the next Sun- 
day they would organize a Sunday School to 
which all were invited. A surprising interest was 
shown in the Sunday School from the very start.- 
The Board was asked to send them a preacher, 
and the pastor of the church six miles away was 
appointed by the Board to preach one Sunday 
afternoon in each month. This missionary was a 
practical business man, as well as an excellent 
preacher, and led them in building a neat house of 
worship. The Methodist brethren soon opened a 
mission and built a house of worship not quite a 
mile from the Baptist church. Those two mis- 
sion churches transformed that community from 
a state of lawlessness to one of the most law- 
abiding sections of the State. The township in 
which these churches stand voted out whiskey 



Appeal to Patriotism 129 

long before prohibition became a State law. A 
few years ago that township was producing more 
cotton per acre than any township in the State, 
and land is now bringing a hundred dollars per 
acre. 

And so we find in State Missions, an appeal 
to patriotism. A man who is not religious even, 
if he is a good citizen and is concerned about the 
moral, social and material development of his 
state, should be interested in State Missions. 

ISTo good citizen wants to live in a community 
where there is not a church and a school. Even if 
he is not a Christian himself, he knows how much 
these two institutions (especially the church) are 
worth, and that no community is a fit place to 
rear children in which there is no church or 
school. 

We cannot know, until the accounts are all in, 
how much State Missions has had to do with 
bringing to our State prohibition, and other moral 
reforms in which all good citizens rejoice. 

There are sections of our beloved State in which 
moral standards are deplorably low, and social 
conditions well nigh intolerable. In those sec- 
tions very little material progress is being made, 
and the people are not alive to the importance of 
education. What these communities need more 
than anything else, is the Gospel of Jesus Christ, 
faithfully and earnestly preached. The planting 
of a mission church in a community where there 
is no church, means more for that neighborhood 



5 J J J J 



130 



Christian Statesmanship 



materially than a cotton factory, or any other 
industrial enterprise. 

0. the many-sided Gospel of Jesus Christ our 
Lord ! This is what this whole world needs, and 
to give it to every community is a work in which 
every Christian citizen should take part, for this 
is Christian Statesmanship. • 

Suggested Questions 

1. What is the task of State Missions, as set 
forth in the preceding chapters? 

2. Of what does this chapter treat? 

3. What effect has State Missions upon law- 
lessness ? 

4. What does a distinguished judge give as his 
opinion ? 

5. Give two examples of moral uplift. 

6. Give an example in which material prosper- 
ity as well as moral reform followed State Mis- 
sion work. 



North Carolma State Librar;/ 
Raleigh 



GC 266.6 J67c 1915 

Johnson, Livingston. 
Christian statesmanship / 



3 3091 00066 4615 





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GAYLORD 






PRINTED IN U.S.A. 



aESJRlCTED 



NORTH CAROLINJANA 



266.6 

j67c 

1915 

Johnson 

Christian statesmanship